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Latest & greatest articles for lovastatin
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A double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II, randomized study of lovastatin therapy in the treatment of mildly active rheumatoid arthritis 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme-A (HMG Co-A) reductase inhibitors (statins) are standard treatment for hyperlipidaemia. In addition to lipid-lowering abilities, statins exhibit multiple anti-inflammatory effects. The objectives of this study were to determine whether treatment of patients with RA with lovastatin decreased CRP or reduced disease (...) activity.We conducted a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled 12 week trial of lovastatin vs placebo in 64 RA patients with mild clinical disease activity but an elevated CRP. The primary efficacy end point was the reduction in mean log CRP. Secondary end points included disease activity, RF and anti-CCP antibody titres. Mechanistic end points included levels of serum cytokines. Safety was assessed; hepatic and muscle toxicities were of particular interest.Baseline features were similar between
Lovastatin Top results for lovastatin - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 (...) or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for lovastatin The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence
Cost-effectiveness analysis of simvastatin and lovastatin/extended- release niacin to achieve LDL and HDL goal using NHANES data Cost-effectiveness analysis of simvastatin and lovastatin/extended- release niacin to achieve LDL and HDL goal using NHANES data Cost-effectiveness analysis of simvastatin and lovastatin/extended- release niacin to achieve LDL and HDL goal using NHANES data Armstrong E P, Zachry W M, Malone D C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of simvastatin and lovastatin/extended-release niacin to achieve low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol goals. The simvastatin pathway started with 20 mg/day and was titrated monthly to a maximum dosage of 80
Effects of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods vs lovastatin on serum lipids and C-reactive protein. To enhance the effectiveness of diet in lowering cholesterol, recommendations of the Adult Treatment Panel III of the National Cholesterol Education Program emphasize diets low in saturated fat together with plant sterols and viscous fibers, and the American Heart Association supports the use of soy protein and nuts.To determine whether a diet containing all of these recommended (...) of 3 interventions on an outpatient basis for 1 month: a diet very low in saturated fat, based on milled whole-wheat cereals and low-fat dairy foods (n = 16; control); the same diet plus lovastatin, 20 mg/d (n = 14); or a diet high in plant sterols (1.0 g/1000 kcal), soy protein (21.4 g/1000 kcal), viscous fibers (9.8 g/1000 kcal), and almonds (14 g/1000 kcal) (n = 16; dietary portfolio).Lipid and C-reactive protein levels, obtained from fasting blood samples; blood pressure; and body weight
Efficacy and safety of lovastatin in adolescent males with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia: a randomized controlled trial. Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) is a common disorder associated with early coronary artery disease, especially in men. The age at which drug therapy should be started is still controversial, as is the use of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins).To assess the lipid-lowering efficacy, biochemical safety, and effect (...) on growth and sexual development of lovastatin in adolescent boys with HeFH.One-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled, balanced, 2-period, 2-arm randomized trial. In the first period (24 weeks), lovastatin was increased at 8 and 16 weeks and the dosage remained stable during the second period (24 weeks). The study was conducted between 1990 and 1994.Fourteen pediatric outpatient clinics in the United States and Finland.Boys aged 10 to 17 years with HeFH. Of 132 randomized subjects (67 intervention, 65
Primary prevention of acute coronary events with lovastatin in men and women with average cholesterol levels: results of AFCAPS/TexCAPS. Air Force/Texas Coronary Atherosclerosis Prevention Study. Although cholesterol-reducing treatment has been shown to reduce fatal and nonfatal coronary disease in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), it is unknown whether benefit from the reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients without CHD extends to individuals with average (...) serum cholesterol levels, women, and older persons.To compare lovastatin with placebo for prevention of the first acute major coronary event in men and women without clinically evident atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease with average total cholesterol (TC) and LDL-C levels and below-average high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels.A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Outpatient clinics in Texas.A total of 5608 men and 997 women with average TC and LDL-C and below
Replacing lovastatin with pravastatin: effect on serum lipids and costs Replacing lovastatin with pravastatin: effect on serum lipids and costs Replacing lovastatin with pravastatin: effect on serum lipids and costs Korman L, Borysiuk L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability (...) of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Pravastatin. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients being treated with lovastatin, with an average age of 66 years. Setting Primary care. The economic study was carried out in Connecticut, USA. Dates to which data relate Costs mainly related to 1993 and were expressed in 1995 prices. Effectiveness data were collected up until October 1993. Source of effectiveness data
Enhanced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction and cost-effectiveness by low-dose colestipol plus lovastatin combination therapy Enhanced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction and cost-effectiveness by low-dose colestipol plus lovastatin combination therapy Enhanced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction and cost-effectiveness by low-dose colestipol plus lovastatin combination therapy Schrott H G, Stein E A, Dujovne C A, Davidson M H, Goris G B, Oliphant T H, Phillips J C (...) , Shawaryn G G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Use of low-dose combination of drug regimens of colestipol and lovastatin in reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. Type of intervention Secondary
Lack of effect of lovastatin on restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Lovastatin Restenosis Trial Study Group. Experimental and clinical observations suggest that lowering serum lipid levels may reduce the risk of restenosis after coronary angioplasty. We report the results of a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial evaluating whether lowering lipid levels with lovastatin can prevent or delay restenosis after angioplasty.Seven to 10 days before angioplasty, we randomly assigned eligible (...) patients to receive lovastatin (40 mg orally twice daily) or placebo. Patients who underwent successful, complication-free, first-time angioplasty of a native vessel (the index lesion) continued to receive therapy for six months, when a second coronary angiogram was obtained. The primary end point was the extent of restenosis of the index lesion, as assessed by quantitative coronary arteriography. Of 404 patients randomly assigned to study groups, 384 underwent angioplasty; 354 of the procedures were
Hypercholesterolemia in postmenopausal women. Metabolic defects and response to low-dose lovastatin. To determine the metabolic mechanisms underlying hypercholesterolemia in postmenopausal women and to determine whether a low dose of lovastatin will correct this abnormality.In the first part of the study, turnover rates of autologous low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were measured in hypercholesterolemic and control women. In the second part, hypercholesterolemic women participated in a placed (...) -controlled, randomized, double-blind study using lovastatin as the therapeutic agent.The General Clinical Research Center of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, utilizing inpatient and outpatient facilities, and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dallas, Tex.For the LDL turnover study, 26 postmenopausal women with moderate hypercholesterolemia (mean +/- SD LDL cholesterol, 4.78 +/- 0.59 mmol/L [185 +/- 23 mg/dL]) and 13 postmenopausal women with normal levels of plasma lipids
The efficacy of intensive dietary therapy alone or combined with lovastatin in outpatients with hypercholesterolemia. A diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol is the standard initial treatment for hypercholesterolemia. However, little quantitative information is available about the efficacy of dietary therapy in clinical practice or about the combined effects of diet and drug therapy.One hundred eleven outpatients with moderate hypercholesterolemia were treated at five lipid clinics (...) with the National Cholesterol Education Program Step 2 diet (which is low in fat and cholesterol) and lovastatin (20 mg once daily), both alone and together. A diet high in fat and cholesterol and a placebo identical in appearance to the lovastatin were used as the respective controls. Each of the 97 patients completing the study (58 men and 39 women) underwent four consecutive nine-week periods of treatment according to a randomized, balanced design: a high-fat diet-placebo period, a low-fat diet-placebo
Lovastatin efficacy in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels on high- vs low-fat diets. The effectiveness of lovastatin was compared with both a high-fat vs low-fat diet. Hypercholesterolemic subjects were studied under metabolic ward conditions for diet periods of 3 weeks while receiving lovastatin (40 mg/d) or placebo. Multiple lipoprotein levels were measured during the final week of each diet period. Nineteen subjects completed the study on the high-fat (43% of kilojoules (...) ) diet and 16 on the low-fat (25% of kilojoules) diet. Lovastatin reduced total cholesterol by 23% and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol by 30%, compared with placebo on both diets, with no significant diet-drug interaction. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol was raised by 7% to 8% on the diet regimens. Addition of lovastatin to the low-fat diet permitted 80% of subjects on this diet, but less than 50% of those on the high-fat diet, to achieve current guidelines. Although lovastatin produces
Primary hypertriglyceridemia with borderline high cholesterol and elevated apolipoprotein B concentrations. Comparison of gemfibrozil vs lovastatin therapy. A common pattern of dyslipidemia is elevated levels of plasma triglyceride, borderline high total cholesterol, reduced high-density lipoprotein, and increased apolipoprotein B. This pattern of dyslipidemia frequently is associated with premature coronary heart disease. Nicotinic acid is the drug of first choice for this pattern (...) . In this study, gemfibrozil and lovastatin were compared for their effects on the overall lipoprotein profile in 13 men with this type of dyslipidemia. Both drugs significantly reduced very-low-density lipoprotein and intermediate-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and both modestly raised high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Gemfibrozil therapy, however, failed to reduce total cholesterol or total apolipoprotein B levels, whereas lovastatin therapy lowered levels of total cholesterol by 28
Comparison of lovastatin and gemfibrozil in normolipidemic patients with hypoalphalipoproteinemia. This study compared lovastatin and gemfibrozil therapy for effects on lipid and lipoprotein levels in 22 normolipidemic patients with reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Most patients had coronary heart disease. A randomized, crossover design consisted of two drug phases (lovastatin and gemfibrozil) alternating with placebo. Lovastatin reduced total and low-density lipoprotein (...) cholesterol and apolipoprotein B levels by 28%, 34%, and 24%, respectively. These were unaffected by gemfibrozil. Both drugs reduced very low-density lipoprotein and intermediate-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 30% to 40%. Both caused small but significant increases in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but not in apolipoproteins A-I or A-II. Both significantly lowered ratios of total (and low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol-to-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, but lovastatin more than
Lovastatin: follow-up ophthalmologic data. 3336156 1988 01 28 2016 10 17 0098-7484 259 3 1988 Jan 15 JAMA JAMA Lovastatin: follow-up ophthalmologic data. 354-5 Hunninghake D B DB Miller V T VT Goldberg I I Schonfeld G G Stein E A EA Tobert J A JA eng Clinical Trial Letter Randomized Controlled Trial United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 9LHU78OQFD Lovastatin AIM IM Aged Cataract chemically induced Double-Blind Method Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Lovastatin adverse effects Male Middle Aged
A multicenter comparison of lovastatin and cholestyramine therapy for severe primary hypercholesterolemia. The Lovastatin Study Group III. This study compares lovastatin and cholestyramine resin therapy in patients with severe primary hypercholesterolemia. Two hundred sixty-four patients on lipid-lowering diets were randomized equally to receive 12 g of cholestyramine resin, 20 mg of lovastatin, or 40 mg of lovastatin, each twice a day. The mean reductions among the three groups after 12 weeks (...) treatment groups. Cholestyramine resin treatment had no significant effect on very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-II levels and produced a median 11% increase in plasma triglyceride concentration; in contrast, administration of either 20 or 40 mg of lovastatin twice a day was associated with median reductions in very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (-34% and -31%, respectively) and plasma triglyceride levels (-21% and -27%, respectively) and median increases
Lovastatin for lowering cholesterol levels in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Coronary heart disease is an important cause of death in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and is particularly common in diabetic populations that have relatively high levels of plasma cholesterol. To determine whether plasma cholesterol levels in patients with NIDDM could be reduced by drug therapy, we assessed the effect of lovastatin, a potent inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3 (...) -methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase, in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled manner in 16 white patients with NIDDM and mild to moderate elevations of plasma cholesterol. Lovastatin (20 mg twice daily) or a placebo was given for four weeks, during which blood glucose concentrations remained controlled. As compared with the placebo, lovastatin reduced total cholesterol by 26 percent, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol by 28 percent, and LDL apolipoprotein B by 26 percent. Lovastatin therapy
Therapeutic response to lovastatin (mevinolin) in nonfamilial hypercholesterolemia. A multicenter study. The Lovastatin Study Group II. Lovastatin (mevinolin), a potent inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, was investigated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study of 101 patients with nonfamilial primary hypercholesterolemia. Dosages varied from 10 to 80 mg/d in single or divided doses. Patients receiving 40 mg twice a day experienced mean total and low (...) -density lipoprotein cholesterol reductions of 32% and 39%, respectively. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels tended to rise slightly and plasma triglyceride levels were moderately decreased. Adverse effects attributable to lovastatin were infrequent and no patient was withdrawn from therapy. In this study, lovastatin was a well tolerated and effective agent for the treatment of nonfamilial hypercholesterolemia.