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Latest & greatest articles for irritable bowel syndrome
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In irritablebowelsyndrome, fecal microbiota transplantation improved symptoms at 3 months. El-Salhy M, Hatlebakk JG, Gilja OH, Bråthen Kristoffersen A, Hausken T. Efficacy of faecal microbiota transplantation for patients with irritablebowelsyndrome in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Gut. 2020;69:859-67. 31852769.
Efficacy and Safety of Peppermint Oil in a Randomized, Double-Blind Trial of Patients With IrritableBowelSyndrome Peppermint oil is frequently used to treat irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS), despite a lack of evidence for efficacy from high-quality controlled trials. We studied the efficacy and safety of small-intestinal-release peppermint oil in patients with IBS and explored the effects of targeted ileocolonic-release peppermint oil.We performed a double-blind trial of 190 patients with IBS (...) (according to Rome IV criteria) at 4 hospitals in The Netherlands from August 2016 through March 2018; 189 patients were included in the intent-to-treat analysis (mean age, 34.0 years; 77.8% female; 57.7% in primary care), and 178 completed the study. Patients were randomly assigned to groups given 182 mg small-intestinal-release peppermint oil, 182 mg ileocolonic-release peppermint oil, or placebo for 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was abdominal pain response, as defined by the US Food and Drug
BE, Harris LA, et al. Am J Gastroenterol. 2019; 114(1):21-39. 2. Ruepert L, Quartero AO, de Wit NJ, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; (8):CD003460. 3. Ford AC, Quigley EM, Lacy BE, et al. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014; 109(9):1350-65. 4. Moayyedi P, Andrews CN, MacQueen G, et al. J Can Assoc Gastroenterol. 2019; 2(1):6-29. 5. Canadian Digestive Health Foundation. IrritableBowelSyndrome. Available at: https://cdhf.ca/digestive-disorders/irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs/what-is-irritable- bowel-syndrome (...) January 20, 2020 But I am not Depressed: Antidepressants for IrritableBowelSyndrome Clinical Question: Do antidepressant medications improve irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS) symptoms? Bottom Line: Both tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may improve overall IBS symptoms. About 55% of patients treated with TCAs or SSRIs will benefit compared to ~35% with placebo. Only TCAs improve abdominal pain for ~60% of patients compared to ~30% with placebo. TCA
in IBS. Larger, more rigorously conducted trials of FMT in IBS are needed. M El-Salhy et al. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 12 (5), 439-445. May 2018. PMID 29493330. - Review Irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS) is a widespread gastrointestinaldisorder affecting 11.2% of the world adult population. The intestinal microbiome is thought to play a piv … Show more similar articles Associated data ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03822299 Actions LinkOut - more resources Full Text Sources Medical Full-text links [x] [x (...) bacterial profiles changed also significantly in the groups received FMT. The FMT adverse events were mild self-limiting gastrointestinal symptoms. Conclusions: FMT is an effective treatment for patients with IBS. Utilising a well-defined donor with a normal DI and favourable specific microbial signature is essential for successful FMT. The response to FMT increases with the dose. Trial registration www.clinicaltrials.gov ( ) and www.cristin.no (ID657402). Keywords: colonic microflora; irritablebowel
[Effect of healthy eating before intervention with a low FODMAP diet in pediatric patients with irritablebowelsyndrome]. Background: a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) may be effective in the treatment of pediatric patients with irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS). Its complexity and side effects make it a secondary therapeutic alternative. Objective: to demonstrate that nutritional education, aimed at optimizing the diet of children (...) with IBS, is able to improve gastrointestinal symptoms of children without following a diet low in FODMAP. Methods: prospective intervention study. Changes in gastrointestinal symptoms were analyzed by means of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Gastrointestinal Symptoms (PedsQL™ GI Symptoms), after receiving nutritional education based on a healthy diet. Likewise, anthropometric changes and dietary habits were analyzed. Results: twenty-one patients were included (12 girls) with a mean age
Tenapanor (Ibsrela) - irritablebowelsyndrome with constipation in adults Drug Approval Package: IBSRELA U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Search FDA Submit search Drug Approval Package: IBSRELA Company: Ardelyx, Inc. Application Number: 211801 Approval Date: 09/12/2019 Persons with disabilities having problems accessing the PDF files below may call (301) 796-3634 for assistance. FDA Approval Letter and Labeling (PDF) (PDF) FDA Application Review Files (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF
Lyophilized versus Frozen Fecal Microbiota Transplant for Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection, Inflammatory BowelDisease, and IrritableBowelSyndrome: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Lyophilized versus Frozen Fecal Microbiota Transplant for Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection, Inflammatory BowelDisease, and IrritableBowelSyndrome: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you (...) need Lyophilized versus Frozen Fecal Microbiota Transplant for Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection, Inflammatory BowelDisease, and IrritableBowelSyndrome: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Lyophilized versus Frozen Fecal Microbiota Transplant for Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection, Inflammatory BowelDisease, and IrritableBowelSyndrome: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Last updated: August 14, 2019 Project
Summary of Recommendations of the American Gastroenterological Association on the Laboratory Evaluation of Functional Diarrhea and Diarrhea-Predominant IrritableBowelSyndrome in Adults Statement Strength of recommendation Quality of evidence Recommendation 1: In patients presenting with chronic diarrhea, the AGA suggests the use of either fecal calprotectin or fecal lactoferrin to screen for IBD . Conditional Low Recommendation 2: In patients presenting with chronic diarrhea, the AGA suggests (...) Carrasco-Labra, A., Lytvyn, L., Falck-Ytter, Y. et al. AGA technical review on the evaluation of functional diarrhea and diarrhea-predominant irritablebowelsyndrome in adults (IBS-D). Gastroenterology . 2019 ; 157 : 859–880 | | | | | 5 Traveler’s Health. Travelers’ diarrhea. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. ( Available at: ) Date accessed: January 27, 2019 | 6 Riddle, M.S., Connor, B.A., Beeching, N.J. et al. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of travelers' diarrhea
Efficacy and Safety of Eluxadoline in Patients With IrritableBowelSyndrome With Diarrhea Who Report Inadequate Symptom Control With Loperamide: RELIEF Phase 4 Study Irritablebowelsyndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) is a functional gastrointestinaldisorder with limited effective treatment options. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of eluxadoline in patients with IBS-D who reported inadequate symptom control with prior loperamide.Three hundred forty-six adults with IBS-D (Rome III criteria (...) ) were randomly assigned to placebo or eluxadoline 100 mg twice daily for 12 weeks. Patients recorded daily IBS-D symptoms, including worst abdominal pain (WAP) and stool consistency (through Bristol Stool Scale). The primary endpoint was proportion of composite responders, defined as patients who met daily composite response criteria (≥40% WAP improvement and <5 Bristol Stool Scale score) for at least 50% of treatment days, and recorded ≥60 days of diary entries over the 12-week period.Over 12 weeks
Division of Gastroenterology, University of T oronto, T oronto, Ontario, Canada; 10 Division of Gastroenterology, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada Correspondence: Dr. Paul Moayyedi, BSc, MB, ChB, PhD, MPH, FRCP , FRCPC, AGAF, FACG, Director, Division of Gastroenterology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W . HSC 3V3, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT Background & aims: Irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal (GI) disorders (...) /gwy071 Original Article Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/jcag/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/jcag/gwy071/5290372 by guest on 22 January 2019Irritable bowelsyndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. It is characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habits (i.e., constipation, diarrhea or both), often with associated bloating (1). Globally, IBS is estimated to affect about 10% of the general population, but prevalence rates are highly
be individualised and is dependent on the patient's predominant symptoms. Definition Irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition characterised by abdominal pain associated with bowel dysfunction. The pain is often relieved by defecation and is sometimes accompanied by abdominal bloating. There are no structural abnormalities to explain the pain. IBS occurs in about 15% of the adult population. The aetiology is probably multi-factorial and evidence suggests motility, inflammatory, genetic, immune (...) , psychological, and dietary components. Drossman DA, Camilleri M, Mayes FA. AGA technical review on irritablebowelsyndrome. Gastroenterology. 2002 Dec;123(6):2108-31. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12454866?tool=bestpractice.com History and exam presence of risk factors abdominal discomfort alteration of bowel habits associated with pain abdominal bloating or distension normal examination of abdomen passage of mucus with stool physical and sexual abuse age <50 years female sex previous enteric
and management [ ] and expert opinion in review articles on irritablebowelsyndrome [ ; ; ; ] and review articles on the Rome IV criteria for functional gastrointestinaldisorders [ ; ]. CKS notes that the Rome IV criteria for the diagnosis of functional gastrointestinaldisorders (which are predominantly used for clinical trials and research) have amended the criteria used to diagnose IBS [ ; ]. The term abdominal 'discomfort' is no longer included as a diagnostic criterion, as this is a non-specific term (...) Irritablebowelsyndrome: When should I suspect irritablebowelsyndrome? Diagnosis | Diagnosis | Irritablebowelsyndrome | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Diagnosis Irritablebowelsyndrome: When should I suspect irritablebowelsyndrome? Last revised in October 2017 When should I suspect irritablebowelsyndrome? Consider the diagnosis of irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS) in a person who has had any of the following symptoms for at least 6 months: Abdominal pain, or Bloating, or Change in bowel
Irritablebowelsyndrome: What else might it be? Differential diagnosis | Diagnosis | Irritablebowelsyndrome | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Differential diagnosis Irritablebowelsyndrome: What else might it be? Last revised in October 2017 What else might it be? Alternative conditions which may present similarly to irritablebowelsyndrome include: Malignancy (such as colorectal cancer, small bowel cancer, and lymphoma) — see the CKS topic on for more information. Other causes (...) of constipation, such as: Functional or drug-induced constipation — see the CKS topic on for more information. Hypothyroidism — see the CKS topic on for more information. Other causes of diarrhoea, such as: Inflammatory boweldisease — see the CKS topics on and for more information. Coeliac disease — see the CKS topic on for more information. Gastrointestinal infection and secondary lactose intolerance — see the CKS topic on for more information. Antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (for example Clostridium
be individualized to the person's symptoms and psychosocial situation, and should initially include diet and lifestyle advice. Provide advice and reassurance about the diagnosis of irritablebowelsyndrome, and offer sources of information and support, such as: The NHS patient leaflet . The gut and liver disease charity CORE (website available at ) provides support for patients and families and has a patient information leaflet . The IBS Network is a national charity supporting people living with irritable (...) physical activity, and encourage weight loss if the person is overweight or obese. See the CKS topic on for more information. Adults should aim to do 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity on at least 5 days of the week. Arrange to review the person, depending on clinical judgement, and if there are ongoing or refractory symptoms, consider further management options such as . Basis for recommendation The recommendations on the initial management of irritablebowelsyndrome is largely based
Irritablebowelsyndrome: Loperamide Loperamide | Prescribing information | Irritablebowelsyndrome | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Loperamide Irritablebowelsyndrome: Loperamide Last revised in October 2017 Loperamide Loperamide is licensed for the symptomatic treatment of acute diarrhoea in irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS). The recommended dose is: Initially 4 mg, followed by 2 mg for up to five days, dose to be taken after each loose stool; usual dose 6–8 mg daily; maximum 16 mg per day (...) . [ ] Contraindications and cautions Do not prescribe loperamide if the person has: Acute ulcerative colitis. Antibiotic-associated colitis. Conditions where abdominal distention develops. Conditions where inhibition of peristalsis should be avoided. Prescribe loperamide with caution if the person has: Hepatic impairment — due to reduced first-pass metabolism and the risk of hepatic accumulation. [ ] Adverse effects Possible adverse effects of loperamide include: Dizziness, headaches, flatulence, nausea. Abdominal
Irritablebowelsyndrome: Linaclotide Linaclotide | Prescribing information | Irritablebowelsyndrome | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Linaclotide Irritablebowelsyndrome: Linaclotide Last revised in October 2017 Linaclotide Linaclotide 290 microgram capsules should be taken once daily, the dose to be taken at least 30 minutes before meals. [ ] Contraindications and cautions Do not prescribe linaclotide if there is suspected: Intestinal obstruction. Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (...) . Prescribe linaclotide with caution if there is: A predisposition to fluid and electrolyte disturbance. An increased risk of diarrhoea, for example with co-prescribing of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or proton pump inhibitors. [ ] Adverse effects Possible adverse effects of linaclotide include: Abdominal distention, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, flatulence. If diarrhoea is severe or prolonged, consider stopping treatment. Decreased appetite, dehydration, faecal incontinence
syndrome [ ; ; ; ] and a review article on the Rome IV criteria for functional gastrointestinaldisorders [ ]. An assessment of the person's bowel habit and stool type will determine whether the person has diarrhoea-predominant, constipation-predominant, or mixed irritablebowelsyndrome symptoms. This allows management to be targeted to the different sub-types [ ]. An assessment of psychosocial stressors or co-morbidity is important, as initial presentations and exacerbations of IBS symptoms are often (...) Irritablebowelsyndrome: How should I assess a person with suspected irritablebowelsyndrome? Assessment | Diagnosis | Irritablebowelsyndrome | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Assessment Irritablebowelsyndrome: How should I assess a person with suspected irritablebowelsyndrome? Last revised in October 2017 How should I assess a person with suspected irritablebowelsyndrome? If a diagnosis of irritablebowelsyndrome (IBS) is , assess the person's clinical features: Ask about: The type