Latest & greatest articles for infants

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Top results for infants

181. The effectiveness of sedentary behaviour interventions on sitting time and screen time in children and adults: an umbrella review of systematic reviews Full Text available with Trip Pro

in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of interventions aiming to decrease sedentary behaviour. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9(61). 32. Wahi G, Parkin PC, Beyene J, Uleryk EM, Birken CS. Effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing screen time in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(11):979–86. 33. Wu L, Sun S, He Y, Jiang B. The effect of interventions targeting screen time reduction (...) : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine. 2016;95(27):e4029-e. 34. Compernolle S, Desmet A, Poppe L, Crombez G, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Cardon G, et al. Effectiveness of interventions using self-monitoring to reduce sedentary behavior in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2019;16(1). 35. Maniccia DM, Davison KK, Marshall SJ, Manganello JA, Dennison BA. A meta-analysis of interventions that target children's screen time for reduction. Pediatrics. 2011;128(1):e193

2020 International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

182. The Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy and Risk of Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy and Risk of Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy and Risk of Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review | International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA) Open Menu Search Search COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: Get the latest research from NIH: / / / Original Article Abstract Objective: This paper evaluates the association between caffeine (...) a reference population. The majority of studies reported the strongest association with maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and overweight and obesity risk beginning at ?300 mg/day. Conclusions and Global Health Implication: The risk of childhood overweight or obesity was associated with caffeine consumption at 50 mg/day during pregnancy with a stronger association at intakes ?300 mg/day and higher. The current recommendation of <200 mg/day of caffeine during pregnancy is likely associated

2020 International Journal of Maternal and Child Health and AIDS (IJMA)

183. Association of Parenting With Suicidal Ideation and Attempts in Children and Youth: Protocol for A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aitken Centre for Addiction and Mental Health DOI: License: This work is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 License. Abstract Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death in children and youth, with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempt (referred to as non-fatal suicidal behaviors; NFSB) being among its strongest predictors. Parenting, including positive parenting (e.g. warmth, responsiveness), negative parenting (e.g. control, hostility) and parent-child relationship (e.g. trust, communication), may (...) & PDF DOI: License License: This work is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 License. Declarations Abstract Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death in children and youth, with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempt (referred to as non-fatal suicidal behaviors; NFSB) being among its strongest predictors. Parenting, including positive parenting (e.g. warmth, responsiveness), negative parenting (e.g. control, hostility) and parent-child relationship (e.g. trust, communication), may be associated

2020 Research Square

184. Association between birthweight and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in children, a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

weight and childhood leukaemia. Br J Cancer 2006;94(11):1738–44. Metayer C, Dahl G, Wiemels J, Miller M. Childhood Leukemia: A Preventable Disease. 2016. Pediatrics, 138(Suppl 1), S45-S55. Metayer C, Milne E, Dockerty JD. Maternal supplementation with folic acid and other vitamins and risk of leukemia in offspring: a Childhood Leukemia International Consortium study. Epidemiology. 2014;25(6):811–822 Reynolds P, Behren JV, Elkin EP. Birth characteristics and leukemia in young children. Am J Epidemiol (...) 2002;155:603–13. Robazzi TC, Barreto JH, Silva LR, Osteoarticular manifestations as initial presentation of acute leukemias in children and adolescents in Bahia, Brazil. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2007;29:622–6. doi:10.1097/MPH.0b013e3181468c55. Roman E, Ansell P, Bull D. Leukaemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in children and young adults: are prenatal and neonatal factors important determinants of disease? Br J Cancer 1997;76:406–15. Smith A, Lightfoot T, Simpson J, Roman E. Birth weight, sex and childhood

2020 Open Science Journal

185. A sex/gender perspective on interventions to promote children’s and adolescents’ overall physical activity: Results from genEffects systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

A sex/gender perspective on interventions to promote children’s and adolescents’ overall physical activity: Results from genEffects systematic review A sex/gender perspective on interventions to promote children’s and adolescents’ overall physical activity: Results from genEffects systematic review | Research Square Browse Tools & Services Your Cart See the published version of this article at . This is a preprint, a preliminary version of a manuscript that has not completed peer review (...) at a journal. Research Square does not conduct peer review prior to posting preprints. The posting of a preprint on this server should not be interpreted as an endorsement of its validity or suitability for dissemination as established information or for guiding clinical practice. Research article A sex/gender perspective on interventions to promote children’s and adolescents’ overall physical activity: Results from genEffects systematic review Carolin Schulze, Yolanda Demetriou, Sandra Emmerling, Annegret

2020 Research Square

186. Effect of mother’s knowledge of oral health in preventing early childhood caries among preschool children: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of mother’s knowledge of oral health in preventing early childhood caries among preschool children: a systematic review Effect of mother’s knowledge of oral health in preventing early childhood caries among preschool children: a systematic review | Research Square Browse Tools & Services Your Cart This is a preprint, a preliminary version of a manuscript that has not completed peer review at a journal. Research Square does not conduct peer review prior to posting preprints. The posting (...) of a preprint on this server should not be interpreted as an endorsement of its validity or suitability for dissemination as established information or for guiding clinical practice. Systematic Review Effect of mother’s knowledge of oral health in preventing early childhood caries among preschool children: a systematic review Mohammad Hassan Hamrah, Sara Ghadimi , Saeedeh Mokhtari , Maryam Khosrozadeh, Mojgan Kargar , Firoozeh Alipour, Mohammad Hussain Hamrah , Toba Dahi Mohammad Hassan Hamrah Department

2020 Research Square

187. Gastrointestinal symptoms and fecal nucleic acid testing of children with 2019 coronavirus disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

preprints. The posting of a preprint on this server should not be interpreted as an endorsement of its validity or suitability for dissemination as established information or for guiding clinical practice. Gastrointestinal symptoms and fecal nucleic acid testing of children with 2019 coronavirus disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis Ji-Gan Wang, Hairong Cui, Huabo Tang, Xiu-li Deng Ji-Gan Wang Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Corresponding Author ORCiD (...) ) in children and discuss the importance of fecal nucleic acid testing.We retrospectively analyzed studies on gastrointestinal symptoms and fecal nucleic acid detection in pediatric COVID-19 patients from January 1, 2020 to August 10, 2020, including prospective clinical studies and case reports. The results of fecal nucleic acid detection were analyzed systematically. Stata12.0 software was used for meta-analysis.The results showed that the most common gastrointestinal symptoms in children with COVID-19

2020 Research Square

188. Association of Routine Infant Vaccinations With Antibody Levels Among Preterm Infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Routine Infant Vaccinations With Antibody Levels Among Preterm Infants. The standard schedule of national immunization programs for infants may not be sufficient to protect extremely and very preterm infants.To evaluate the immunogenicity of routine vaccinations administered to preterm infants.A multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study of preterm infants stratified according to gestational age recruited from 8 hospitals across the Netherlands between October 2015 (...) and October 2017, with follow-up until 12 months of age (October 2018). In total, 296 premature infants were enrolled and compared with a control group of 66 healthy term infants from a 2011 study, immunized according to the same schedule with the same vaccines.Three primary doses of the diphtheria-tetanus toxoids-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenza type b-hepatitis B combination vaccine were given at 2, 3, and 4 months after birth followed by a booster at 11 months

2020 JAMA

189. Diagnostic Value of Mid-regional Pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) as a Biomarker of Invasive Bacterial Infection in Children: A Systematic Review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnostic Value of Mid-regional Pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) as a Biomarker of Invasive Bacterial Infection in Children: A Systematic Review. Diagnostic Value of Mid-regional Pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) as a Biomarker of Invasive Bacterial Infection in Children: A Systematic Review. | Research Square Browse Tools & Services Your Cart This preprint is under consideration at BMC Pediatrics . A preprint is a preliminary version of a manuscript that has not completed peer review at a journal (...) is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 License. Abstract Background In children differentiating between the early stages of an invasive bacterial infection (IBI) and a benign self-limiting viral infection remains clinically challenging. This often leads to an over-use of antimicrobial drugs with resultant antimicrobial resistance due to the concern of not detecting a deteriorating child. Hence research into novel biomarkers for the early identification of IBI in children is of increasing interest. A more timely

2020 Research Square

190. Oral pathology in paediatric patients-mini-systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oral pathology in paediatric patients-mini-systematic review Oral pathology in paediatric patients-mini-systematic review - IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol Khyati Education and Research Foundation IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology Oral pathology in paediatric patients-mini-systematic review Review Article Author Details : Abstract The lesions presenting in the oral cavity of neonates are considerably significant in pediatric dentistry. Although they pertain to the oral (...) prevalent in neonates. Keywords: Oral & maxillofacial Pathology lesions, Pediatric dentistry, Managed care. How to cite : Tantray S, Shafi R I, Chauhan K , Muzaffar S, Oral pathology in paediatric patients-mini-systematic review. IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol 2020;6(3):96-102 Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol . This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License × Email this article Captcha Code: Send Email

2020 IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology

191. Coblation versus Bipolar Diathermy Hemostasis in Pediatric Tonsillectomy Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Coblation versus Bipolar Diathermy Hemostasis in Pediatric Tonsillectomy Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Coblation versus Bipolar Diathermy Hemostasis in Pediatric Tonsillectomy Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis | medRxiv Search for this keyword Coblation versus Bipolar Diathermy Hemostasis in Pediatric Tonsillectomy Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Mohammad Karam , Ahmad Abul , Abdulwahab Althuwaini , Talal Alenezi , Ali Aljadi , Abdulredha Almuhanna (...) ; For correspondence: Abdulredha Almuhanna 1 School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UK; For correspondence: Abdulrahman AlNaseem 2 School of Medicine, University of Manchester, UK; For correspondence: Abdulmalik Alsaif 1 School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UK; For correspondence: Athari Alwael 3 Department of ENT, Consultant Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Al Jahra Hospital, Jahra, Kuwait For correspondence: Abstract Objective To compare the outcomes of coblation versus bipolar in pediatric

2020 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

192. Genome-wide association meta-analysis of childhood and adolescent internalising symptoms Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genome-wide association meta-analysis of childhood and adolescent internalising symptoms Genome-wide association meta-analysis of childhood and adolescent internalising symptoms | medRxiv Search for this keyword Genome-wide association meta-analysis of childhood and adolescent internalising symptoms Eshim S Jami , Anke R Hammerschlag , Hill F Ip , Andrea G Allegrini , Beben Benyamin , Richard Border , Elizabeth W Diemer , Chang Jiang , Ville Karhunen , Yi Lu , Qing Lu , Travis T Mallard (...) ; Meike Bartels 22 Vrije Univsiteit Amsterdam; Christel M Middeldorp 22 Vrije Univsiteit Amsterdam; Abstract Internalising symptoms in childhood and adolescence are as heritable as adult depression and anxiety, yet little is known of their molecular basis. This genome-wide association meta-analysis of internalising symptoms included repeated observations from 64,641 individuals, aged between 3 and 18. The N-weighted meta-analysis of overall internalising symptoms (INT overall ) detected no genome-wide

2020 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

193. Complicated pneumonia in children. (Abstract)

Complicated pneumonia in children. Complicated community-acquired pneumonia in a previously well child is a severe illness characterised by combinations of local complications (eg, parapneumonic effusion, empyema, necrotising pneumonia, and lung abscess) and systemic complications (eg, bacteraemia, metastatic infection, multiorgan failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and, rarely, death). Complicated community-acquired pneumonia should (...) be suspected in any child with pneumonia not responding to appropriate antibiotic treatment within 48-72 h. Common causative organisms are Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. Patients have initial imaging with chest radiography and ultrasound, which can also be used to assess the lung parenchyma, to identify pleural fluid; CT scanning is not usually indicated. Complicated pneumonia is treated with a prolonged course of intravenous antibiotics, and then oral antibiotics. The initial choice

2020 Lancet

194. Chronic illness and transition from paediatric to adult care: a systematic review of illness specific clinical guidelines for transition in chronic illnesses that require specialist to specialist transfer Full Text available with Trip Pro

and treatment [ ] 2017 Van Wegberg et al. European Society of Phenylketonuria and Allied Disorders (ESPKU) European collaboration Phenylketonuria Consensus of the Spanish society of pediatric rheumatology for transition management from pediatric to adult care in rheumatic patients with childhood onset [ ] a 2015 Calvo et al. Spanish Society of Paediatric Rheumatology Spain Juvenile idiopathic arthritis Transition of gastroenterological patients from paediatric to adult care: A position statement (...) England Crohn’s disease Management of Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis: Joint ECCO and ESPGHAN Evidence-based Consensus Guidelines [ ] 2012 Turner et al. European Crohn’s and Colitis Organization (ECCO) and European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) European collaboration Ulcerative Colitis National Evidence Based Clinical Care Guidelines for Type 1 Diabetes in Children, Adolescents and Adults [ ] 2011 Craig et al. Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group (APEG

2020 Journal of Transition Medicine

195. Bullying victimization, physical inactivity and sedentary behavior among children and adolescents: a meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

, Martin GN, Spitzberg BH. Trends in U.S. adolescents’ media use, 1976-2016: the rise of digital media, the decline of TV, and the (near) demise of print. Psychol Pop Media Cult. 2018;12:271–83. 11. Bar-On ME, Broughton DD, Buttross S, Corrigan S, Gedissman A, González De Rivas MR, et al. American academy of pediatrics: children, adolescents, and television. Pediatrics. 2001;107:423–6. 12. Robertson LA, McAnally HM, Hancox RJ. Childhood and adolescent television viewing and antisocial behavior in early (...) . Kelishadi R, Qorbani M, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Ardalan G, Jari M. Paediatrics and international child health relationship between leisure time screen activity and aggressive and violent behaviour in Iranian children and adolescents: the CASPIAN-IV study relationship between leisure time screen activity and aggressive and violent behaviour in Iranian children and adolescents: the CASPIAN-IV study. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2015;35:305–11. . 29. Méndez I, Ruiz-Esteban C, Ortega E. Impact of the physical

2020 International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

196. Smartphone overuse and visual impairment in children and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Smartphone overuse and visual impairment in children and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Smartphone overuse and visual impairment in children and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis | medRxiv Search for this keyword Smartphone overuse and visual impairment in children and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Jian Wang , Mei Li , Daqiao Zhu , Yang Cao doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.09.11.20192476 Jian Wang 1 School of Nursing, Shanghai Jiao (...) : The aim of this systematic review is to determine the association between smartphone overuse and visual impairment, including myopia, blurred vision, and poor vision, in children and young adults. Methods: We conducted a systematic search in the Cochrane Library, Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of Science Core Collection, and ScienceDirect since the beginning of the databases to June 2020. Fourteen eligible studies (ten cross-sectional studies and four controlled trials) were identified, which included a total

2020 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

197. Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children. (Abstract)

Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children. In children with urinary tract infection (UTI), only those with pyelonephritis (and not cystitis) are at risk for developing long-term renal sequelae. If non-invasive biomarkers could accurately differentiate children with cystitis from children with pyelonephritis, treatment and follow-up could potentially be individualized. This is an update of a review first published (...) in 2015.The objectives of this review were to 1) determine whether procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) can replace the acute DMSA scan in the diagnostic evaluation of children with UTI; 2) assess the influence of patient and study characteristics on the diagnostic accuracy of these tests, and 3) compare the performance of the three tests to each other.We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, DARE, Web of Science, and BIOSIS Previews through to 17th December 2019

2020 Cochrane

198. Effectiveness of Interventions on Early Neurodevelopment of Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of Interventions on Early Neurodevelopment of Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Effectiveness of Interventions on Early Neurodevelopment of Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis | Research Square Browse Tools & Services Your Cart This preprint is under consideration at BMC Pediatrics . A preprint is a preliminary version of a manuscript that has not completed peer review at a journal. Research Square does not conduct peer review prior (...) to posting preprints. The posting of a preprint on this server should not be interpreted as an endorsement of its validity or suitability for dissemination as established information or for guiding clinical practice. Research article Effectiveness of Interventions on Early Neurodevelopment of Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Marilyn Aita, Gwenaëlle De Clifford-Faugère, Andréane Lavallée, Nancy Feeley, Robyn Stremler, Emilie Rioux, Marie-Hélène Proulx Marilyn Aita Universite de

2020 Research Square

199. Carbohydrate supplementation of human milk to promote growth in preterm infants. (Abstract)

Carbohydrate supplementation of human milk to promote growth in preterm infants. Preterm infants are born with low glycogen stores and require higher glucose intake to match fetal accretion rates. In spite of the myriad benefits of breast milk for preterm infants, it may not adequately meet the needs of these rapidly growing infants. Supplementing human milk with carbohydrates may help. However, there is a paucity of data on assessment of benefits or harms of carbohydrate supplementation (...) of human milk to promote growth in preterm infants. This is a 2020 update of a Cochrane Review first published in 1999.To determine whether human milk supplemented with carbohydrate compared with unsupplemented human milk fed to preterm infants improves growth, body composition, and cardio-metabolic and neurodevelopmental outcomes without significant adverse effects.We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2019, Issue 8

2020 Cochrane

200. Once-daily, subcutaneous vosoritide therapy in children with achondroplasia: a randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial. (Abstract)

Once-daily, subcutaneous vosoritide therapy in children with achondroplasia: a randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial. There are no effective therapies for achondroplasia. An open-label study suggested that vosoritide administration might increase growth velocity in children with achondroplasia. This phase 3 trial was designed to further assess these preliminary findings.This randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial compared once (...) -daily subcutaneous administration of vosoritide with placebo in children with achondroplasia. The trial was done in hospitals at 24 sites in seven countries (Australia, Germany, Japan, Spain, Turkey, the USA, and the UK). Eligible patients had a clinical diagnosis of achondroplasia, were ambulatory, had participated for 6 months in a baseline growth study and were aged 5 to less than 18 years at enrolment. Randomisation was done by means of a voice or web-response system, stratified according to sex

2020 Lancet