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Latest & greatest articles for hydrocortisone
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Effect of Hydrocortisone on 21-Day Mortality or Respiratory Support Among Critically Ill Patients With COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with severe lung damage. Corticosteroids are a possible therapeutic option.To determine the effect of hydrocortisone on treatment failure on day 21 in critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and acute respiratory failure.Multicenter randomized (...) double-blind sequential trial conducted in France, with interim analyses planned every 50 patients. Patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for COVID-19-related acute respiratory failure were enrolled from March 7 to June 1, 2020, with last follow-up on June 29, 2020. The study intended to enroll 290 patients but was stopped early following the recommendation of the data and safety monitoring board.Patients were randomized to receive low-dose hydrocortisone (n = 76) or placebo (n = 73
Effect of Hydrocortisone on Mortality and Organ Support in Patients With Severe COVID-19: The REMAP-CAP COVID-19 Corticosteroid Domain Randomized Clinical Trial. Evidence regarding corticosteroid use for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is limited.To determine whether hydrocortisone improves outcome for patients with severe COVID-19.An ongoing adaptive platform trial testing multiple interventions within multiple therapeutic domains, for example, antiviral agents, corticosteroids (...) randomized participants to a fixed 7-day course of intravenous hydrocortisone (50 mg or 100 mg every 6 hours) (n = 143), a shock-dependent course (50 mg every 6 hours when shock was clinically evident) (n = 152), or no hydrocortisone (n = 108).The primary end point was organ support-free days (days alive and free of ICU-based respiratory or cardiovascular support) within 21 days, where patients who died were assigned -1 day. The primary analysis was a bayesian cumulative logistic model that included all
Effect of Vitamin C, Hydrocortisone, and Thiamine vs Hydrocortisone Alone on Time Alive and Free of Vasopressor Support Among Patients With Septic Shock: The VITAMINS Randomized Clinical Trial. It is unclear whether vitamin C, hydrocortisone, and thiamine are more effective than hydrocortisone alone in expediting resolution of septic shock.To determine whether the combination of vitamin C, hydrocortisone, and thiamine, compared with hydrocortisone alone, improves the duration of time alive (...) every 6 hours), hydrocortisone (50 mg every 6 hours), and thiamine (200 mg every 12 hours), or to the control group (n = 107), consisting of intravenous hydrocortisone (50 mg every 6 hours) alone until shock resolution or up to 10 days.The primary trial outcome was duration of time alive and free of vasopressor administration up to day 7. Ten secondary outcomes were prespecified, including 90-day mortality.Among 216 patients who were randomized, 211 provided consent and completed the primary outcome
A Randomized Controlled Study of Low-Dose Hydrocortisone Versus Placebo in Dopamine-Treated Hypotensive Neonates Undergoing Hypothermia Treatment for Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy To investigate whether hydrocortisone supplementation increases blood pressure and decreases inotrope requirements compared with placebo in cooled, asphyxiated neonates with volume-resistant hypotension.A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in a Level III neonatal intensive care (...) unit in 2016-2017. Thirty-five asphyxiated neonates with volume-resistant hypotension (defined as a mean arterial pressure [MAP] < gestational age in weeks) were randomly assigned to receive 0.5 mg/kg/6 hours of hydrocortisone or placebo in addition to standard dopamine treatment during hypothermia.More patients reached the target of at least 5-mm Hg increment of MAP in 2 hours after randomization in the hydrocortisone group, compared with the placebo group (94% vs 58%, P = .02, intention-to-treat
The Association of Hydrocortisone Dosage on Mortality in Infants Born Extremely Premature To characterize common dosing strategies and to investigate the association between hydrocortisone dosage and in-hospital mortality in infants born extremely premature.We performed a retrospective review of a cohort of infants born ≤30 weeks' gestational age from 2010 to 2016 from the Pediatrix Clinical Data Warehouse who received hydrocortisone in the first 14 postnatal days. Infants were divided (...) by initial hydrocortisone dosage (high: >2 mg/kg/d vs low: ≤2 mg/kg/d). Baseline characteristics and medication coexposures were compared and mortality was evaluated in a multivariable analysis.A total of 1427 infants were included, 733 with high dosage (51%) and 694 with low dosage (49%). The groups were similar with regard to baseline characteristics. Infants in the high-dosage group had significantly more exposure to any vasopressors (89% vs 84%, P < .001) and greater mortality (50% vs 23%, P < .001
Effect of Hydrocortisone Therapy Initiated 7 to 14 Days After Birth on Mortality or Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Among Very Preterm Infants Receiving Mechanical Ventilation: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Dexamethasone initiated after the first week of life reduces the rate of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) but may cause long-term adverse effects in very preterm infants. Hydrocortisone is increasingly used as an alternative, but evidence supporting its efficacy and safety is lacking.To (...) assess the effect of hydrocortisone initiated between 7 and 14 days after birth on death or BPD in very preterm infants.Double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial conducted in 19 neonatal intensive care units in the Netherlands and Belgium from November 15, 2011, to December 23, 2016, among preterm infants with a gestational age of less than 30 weeks and/or birth weight of less than 1250 g who were ventilator dependent between 7 and 14 days of life, with follow-up to hospital discharge ending
Hydrocortisone Granules Are Bioequivalent When Sprinkled Onto Food or Given Directly on the Tongue. Immediate-release hydrocortisone granules in capsules for opening in pediatric-appropriate doses have recently been licensed for children with adrenal insufficiency. This study evaluated the bioavailability of hydrocortisone granules administered as sprinkles onto soft food and yogurt compared with direct administration to the back of the tongue.Randomized, 3-period crossover study in 18 (...) dexamethasone-suppressed healthy men. In each period, the fasted participants received 5 mg hydrocortisone granules either directly to the back of the tongue or sprinkled onto soft food (applesauce), or yogurt, followed by 240 mL of water. Serum cortisol was measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectometry.The cortisol geometric mean maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC) for direct administration, sprinkles onto yogurt, and sprinkles onto soft food were: Cmax 428, 426, 427
Hydrocortisone (Alkindi) - replacement therapy of adrenal insufficiency in infants, children and adolescents (from birth to <18 years old) Published 08 October 2018 1 hydrocortisone 0.5mg, 1mg, 2mg and 5mg granules in capsules for opening (Alkindi ® ) SMC2088 Diurnal Limited 7 September 2018 The Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) has completed its assessment of the above product and advises NHS Boards and Area Drug and Therapeutic Committees (ADTCs) on its use in NHSScotland. The advice (...) is summarized as follows: ADVICE: following a full submission hydrocortisone (Alkindi ® ) is accepted for restricted use within NHSScotland. Indication under review: replacement therapy of adrenal insufficiency in infants, children and adolescents (from birth to <18 years old). SMC restriction: for the first-line treatment of infants and young children with adrenal insufficiency aged from birth to less than six years of age for whom hydrocortisone must otherwise be individually prepared by manipulation
Hydrocortisone Top results for hydrocortisone - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 (...) or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for hydrocortisone The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence
Hydrocortisone, Vitamin C, and Thiamine for the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock: A Retrospective Before-After Study PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?
Hydrocortisone plus Fludrocortisone for Adults with Septic Shock. Septic shock is characterized by dysregulation of the host response to infection, with circulatory, cellular, and metabolic abnormalities. We hypothesized that therapy with hydrocortisone plus fludrocortisone or with drotrecogin alfa (activated), which can modulate the host response, would improve the clinical outcomes of patients with septic shock.In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial with a 2-by-2 factorial design (...) , we evaluated the effect of hydrocortisone-plus-fludrocortisone therapy, drotrecogin alfa (activated), the combination of the three drugs, or their respective placebos. The primary outcome was 90-day all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes included mortality at intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and hospital discharge and at day 28 and day 180 and the number of days alive and free of vasopressors, mechanical ventilation, or organ failure. After drotrecogin alfa (activated) was withdrawn from
Hydrocortisone (adrenal insufficiency) - Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V Extract 1 Translation of the executive summary of the dossier assessment Hydrocortison (Nebenniereninsuffizienz bei Kindern) – Nutzenbewertung gemäß § 35a SGB V (Version 1.0; Status: 10 August 2018). Please note: This document was translated by an external translator and is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely (...) authoritative and legally binding. IQWiG Reports – Commission No. A18-29 Hydrocortisone (adrenal insufficiency in children) – Benefit assessment according to §35a Social Code Book V 1 Extract of dossier assessment A18-29 Version 1.0 Hydrocortisone (adrenal insufficiency in children) 10 August 2018 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) - i - Publishing details Publisher: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care Topic: Hydrocortisone (adrenal insufficiency in children
Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate (Softacor) for the treatment of mild non-infectious allergic or inflammatory conjunctival diseases Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate (Softacor®) for the treatment of mild non-infectious allergic or inflammatory conjunctival diseases | Report | National Health Care Institute You are here: Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate (Softacor®) for the treatment of mild non-infectious allergic or inflammatory conjunctival diseases Search within English part of National Health (...) Care Institute Search Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate (Softacor®) for the treatment of mild non-infectious allergic or inflammatory conjunctival diseases Zorginstituut Nederland has carried out an assessment of the medicinal product hydrocortisone sodium phosphate (Softacor®) can be included in the Medicine Reimbursement System (GVS). The Ministry requested a marginal assessment. Softacor® is an ocular corticosteroid registered for the treatment of mild non-infectious allergic or inflammatory
Hydrocortisone Therapy in Catecholamine-Resistant Pediatric Septic Shock: A Pragmatic Analysis of Clinician Practice and Association With Outcomes PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?
Alterations in Hydrocortisone Pharmacokinetics in a Patient With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Following Bariatric Surgery Management of adult patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is challenging and often complicated by obesity, metabolic syndrome, and adverse cardiovascular risk. Alterations in weight can influence cortisol kinetics. A 19-year-old woman with classic CAH and morbid obesity experienced persistent elevations of androgen levels while receiving oral (...) glucocorticoid therapy. Control of adrenal androgens was improved with continuous subcutaneous hydrocortisone infusion therapy, but obesity-related comorbidities persisted. After undergoing sleeve gastrectomy, the patient experienced dramatic weight loss, with improvement in insulin sensitivity and fatty liver in the postbariatric period. Cortisol clearance studies performed to evaluate changes in hydrocortisone dose requirements showed marked alternations in cortisol pharmacokinetics with decreases
Association Between Early Low-Dose Hydrocortisone Therapy in Extremely Preterm Neonates and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes at 2 Years of Age. Dexamethasone to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very preterm neonates was associated with adverse neurodevelopmental events. Early low-dose hydrocortisone treatment has been reported to improve survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia but its safety with regard to neurodevelopment remains to be assessed.To assess whether early hydrocortisone (...) therapy in extremely preterm infants is associated with neurodevelopmental impairment at 2 years of age.An exploratory secondary analysis of the PREMILOC (Early Low-Dose Hydrocortisone to Improve Survival without Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Extremely Preterm Infants) randomized clinical trial conducted between 2008 and 2014 in 21 French neonatal intensive care units. Randomization was stratified by gestational age groups. Neurodevelopmental assessments were completed from 2010 to 2016.After birth