Latest & greatest articles for corticosteroids

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Top results for corticosteroids

41. Corticosteroids

the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) which contains the Cochrane ARI Group's Specialised Register, MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), CINAHL (EBSCO), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters), and LILACS (BIREME) for published studies 2018 8. Corticosteroids - inhaled Corticosteroids - inhaled - NICE CKS Clinical Knowledge Summaries Share Corticosteroids - inhaled - Summary Corticosteroids are synthetic analogues of hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. Inhaled corticosteroids (...) of one day earlier. Reduced need for artificial breathing support was the main benefit for people with non-severe pneumonia. The review showed that using corticosteroids increased levels of blood sugar. This and other potential adverse events were not well 2018 12. Corticosteroids - oral Corticosteroids - oral - NICE CKS Clinical Knowledge Summaries Share Corticosteroids - oral - Summary Corticosteroids are synthetic analogues of hormones produced by the adrenal cortex. Corticosteroids are either

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

42. Lumbar Epidural Corticosteroid Injection Reduces Subacute Pain and Improves Knee Function in the First Six Weeks After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Double-Blinded Randomized Trial (Abstract)

Lumbar Epidural Corticosteroid Injection Reduces Subacute Pain and Improves Knee Function in the First Six Weeks After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Double-Blinded Randomized Trial Pain control immediately following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been a focus for orthopaedists. However, control of subacute pain, which may persist up to 3 months, is usually not optimized. The efficacy of epidural corticosteroids in reducing pain after surgery is documented, but data on their efficacy (...) in controlling subacute pain after TKA are lacking. Our aim was to investigate the efficacy of an epidural corticosteroid in controlling pain in the first 3 months following TKA using a double-blinded randomized clinical trial.One hundred and eight patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who underwent TKA and received analgesic drugs through an epidural catheter for 48 hours were randomized to receive either 40 mg (1 mL) of triamcinolone acetonide plus 5 mL of 1% lidocaine, or 6 mL of 1% lidocaine alone

2018 EvidenceUpdates

43. Intensified Therapy with Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting beta2-Agonists at the Onset of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection to Prevent Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations. A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled T (Abstract)

Intensified Therapy with Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting beta2-Agonists at the Onset of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection to Prevent Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations. A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled T The efficacy of intensified combination therapy with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting β2-agonists (LABA) at the onset of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD

2018 EvidenceUpdates

44. Transplacental versus direct fetal corticosteroid treatment for accelerating fetal lung maturation where there is a risk of preterm birth. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transplacental versus direct fetal corticosteroid treatment for accelerating fetal lung maturation where there is a risk of preterm birth. Despite major advances in medical technology, the incidence of preterm birth remains high. The use of antenatal corticosteroid administered transplacentally, by intramuscular injection to women at risk of preterm birth, has reduced the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome and increased the survival rates of preterm infants. However, this intervention (...) also comes with its own risks and side effects. Animal studies and early studies in pregnant women at risk of preterm birth have reported the use of an alternative route of administration, by direct intramuscular injection of corticosteroid into the fetus under ultrasound guidance, in an attempt to minimise the side-effect profile. Direct fetal corticosteroid administration may have benefits over maternal administration in terms of safety and efficacy.To assess if different routes of corticosteroid

2018 Cochrane

45. Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Critical Illness-Related Corticosteroid Insufficiency (CIRCI) in Critically Ill Patients (Part II) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Critical Illness-Related Corticosteroid Insufficiency (CIRCI) in Critically Ill Patients (Part II) Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Critical Illn... : Critical Care Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me (...) . Djillali Annane are co-chairs and co-first authors who have equally contributed to this work. A full list of the Corticosteroid Guideline Task Force of SCCM and ESICM investigators is presented in the supplementary material ( Supplemental Digital Content 3 , ). Dr. Pastores participates in the American College of Physicians: Speaker at ACP Critical Care Update Precourse, the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) (faculty speaker at Annual Congress), the American Thoracic Society (ATS): Moderator

2018 Society of Critical Care Medicine

46. Usefulness of an Online Risk Estimator for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Predicting Corticosteroid Treatment in Infants Born Preterm (Abstract)

Usefulness of an Online Risk Estimator for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Predicting Corticosteroid Treatment in Infants Born Preterm To assess the usefulness of a bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) outcome estimator developed by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in identifying high-risk preterm infants treated with steroids.This was a single-center retrospective study of infants born ≤30 weeks of gestational age. The NICHD BPD outcome

2018 EvidenceUpdates

47. Comparison of Ultrasound-Guided Local Ozone (O2-O3) Injection vs Corticosteroid Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial (Abstract)

Comparison of Ultrasound-Guided Local Ozone (O2-O3) Injection vs Corticosteroid Injection in the Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial Plantar fasciitis (PF) is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The affected area is often close to the attachment of plantar fascia to calcaneus bone. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of ozone (O2-O3) injection to corticosteroid injection under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of chronic PF.Randomized (...) thickness at insertion and 1 cm distal to its insertion into the calcaneus via ultrasound imaging.Intragroup changes showed significant improvement in pain, functional parameters, and sonographic findings in both groups (P < 0.05). Pain reduction (both daily and morning) and daily activity improvement were better in the corticosteroid group two weeks after injection; however, at 12 weeks, the ozone (O2-O3) group had significantly more improvement (P = 0.003, P = 0.001, and P = 0.017, respectively).Both

2018 EvidenceUpdates

48. Education plus exercise versus corticosteroid injection use versus a wait and see approach on global outcome and pain from gluteal tendinopathy: prospective, single blinded, randomised clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Education plus exercise versus corticosteroid injection use versus a wait and see approach on global outcome and pain from gluteal tendinopathy: prospective, single blinded, randomised clinical trial. To compare the effects of a programme of load management education plus exercise, corticosteroid injection use, and no treatment on pain and global improvement in individuals with gluteal tendinopathy.Prospective, three arm, single blinded, randomised clinical trial.Brisbane and Melbourne (...) , Australia.Individuals aged 35-70 years, with lateral hip pain for more than three months, at least 4/10 on the pain numerical rating scale, and gluteal tendinopathy confirmed by clinical diagnosis and magnetic resonance imaging; and with no corticosteroid injection use in previous 12 months, current physiotherapy, total hip replacement, or neurological conditions.A physiotherapy led education and exercise programme of 14 sessions over eight weeks (EDX; n=69), one corticosteroid injection (CSI; n=66), and a wait

2018 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

49. A Randomized, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Parallel Pilot Study Assessing the Effect of Mechanical Adhesiolysis vs Adhesiolysis with Corticosteroid and Hyaluronidase Administration into the Epidural Space During Epiduroscopy Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Randomized, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Parallel Pilot Study Assessing the Effect of Mechanical Adhesiolysis vs Adhesiolysis with Corticosteroid and Hyaluronidase Administration into the Epidural Space During Epiduroscopy Epiduroscopy is a proven method of diagnosis and treatment for chronic radicular pain after spinal surgery, which is known as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of drugs (the enzyme hyaluronidase and corticosteroid DEPO (...) -Medrol) administrated into the epidural space during epiduroscopy, performed within the ventral and ventro-lateral epidural space with a focus on releasing foraminal adhesions.Forty-eight patients with diagnosed FBBS were randomized into two groups before epiduroscopy. Group A received the standard treatment-mechanical lysis of fibrotic tissue in the epidural space. Group B received hyaluronidase and corticosteroid methylprednisolone acetate during the procedure. Subjects were followed for six and 12

2018 EvidenceUpdates

50. Can we reliably predict response to corticosteroid treatment in severe alcoholic hepatitis? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can we reliably predict response to corticosteroid treatment in severe alcoholic hepatitis? 29881814 2018 11 14 2471-254X 2 6 2018 Jun Hepatology communications Hepatol Commun Can we reliably predict response to corticosteroid treatment in severe alcoholic hepatitis? 625-627 10.1002/hep4.1191 Chokshi Shilpa S Chief Scientific Officer Institute of Hepatology Foundation for Liver Research London United Kingdom. eng Editorial 2018 04 27 United States Hepatol Commun 101695860 2471-254X 2018 03 29

2018 Hepatology communications

51. Muscle loss following a single high-dose intramuscular injection of corticosteroids to treat disease flare in patients with rheumatoid arthritis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Muscle loss following a single high-dose intramuscular injection of corticosteroids to treat disease flare in patients with rheumatoid arthritis Adverse changes in body composition, specifically decreased muscle mass (MM) and increased fat mass, characterize rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These changes, termed rheumatoid cachexia (RC), are important contributors to the disability and elevated co-morbidity risk of RA. Recently, we observed substantial muscle loss (~2 kg) in a patient with RA (...) following a single intramuscular (IM) corticosteroid (CS) injection to treat a disease flare. The aim of the current study is to determine whether this apparent iatrogenic effect of IM CS is typical, i.e., does this routine, recommended treatment contribute to RC?Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in eight patients with established RA who received a 120 mg IM methylprednisolone injection to treat a disease flare. DXA scans estimated appendicular lean mass (ALM

2018 European journal of rheumatology

52. Intermittent Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists for Asthma

Intermittent Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists for Asthma Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 194 Intermittent Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists for Asthma e Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 194 Intermittent Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists for Asthma Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 (...) Questions (KQs) 1c and 2a-c. These KQs were related to the combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta agonists as controller and quick relief therapy and to the use of long-acting muscarinic antagonists as add-on therapy to inhaled corticosteroids. The original search was conducted in August 2016 using the earliest date for each database. This update was made on November 28, 2017. No new studies met inclusion criteria. iii Key Messages Purpose of Review To assess the efficacy

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

53. Systemic corticosteroids for acute otitis media in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Systemic corticosteroids for acute otitis media in children. Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common acute infection in children. Pain is its most prominent and distressing symptom. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed for AOM, although they have only a modest effect in reducing pain at two to three days. There is insufficient evidence for benefits of other treatment options, including systemic corticosteroids. However, systemic corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs, and so (...) theoretically could be effective, either alone or as an addition to antibiotics.To assess the effects of systemic corticosteroids (oral or parenteral), with or without antibiotics, for AOM in children.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) which contains the Cochrane ARI Group's Specialised Register, MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), CINAHL (EBSCO), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters), and LILACS (BIREME) for published studies, and ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health

2018 Cochrane

54. Comparison of single-dose radial extracorporeal shock wave and local corticosteroid injection for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome including mid-term efficacy: a prospective randomized controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of single-dose radial extracorporeal shock wave and local corticosteroid injection for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome including mid-term efficacy: a prospective randomized controlled trial Recent studies have reported that radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) reduces pain and improves function in patients with mild to moderately severe carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) compared to a placebo. However, most of those studies used multi-session rESWT combined with wrist (...) support and evaluation of efficacy was limited to a maximum of 14 weeks.The prospective randomized controlled trial compared efficacy in relieving pain and improving clinical function between single-dose rESWT and local corticosteroid injection (LCsI) over the mid-term (24 weeks). Twenty-five patients with mild to moderately severe CTS were randomized to receive either single-dose rESWT (n = 13) or LCsI (n = 12). Primary outcomes were evaluated using the Boston self-assessment questionnaire (BQ

2018 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

55. Ultrasound-Guided Genicular Nerve Block for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial of Local Anesthetic Alone or in Combination with Corticosteroid (Abstract)

Ultrasound-Guided Genicular Nerve Block for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial of Local Anesthetic Alone or in Combination with Corticosteroid Recently, several studies suggested that radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the genicular nerves is a safe and effective therapeutic procedure for intractable pain associated with chronic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Diagnostic genicular nerve block (GNB) with local anesthetic has been generally conducted before making decisions (...) regarding RF ablation. Although GNB has been recently performed together with corticosteroid, the analgesic effects of corticosteroids for treating chronic pain remain controversial.The current study aims to assess the effects of combining corticosteroids and local anesthesia during ultrasound-guided GNB in patients with chronic knee OA.A randomized, double-blinded institutional study.This study took place at Asan Medical Center in Seoul, Korea.Forty-eight patients with chronic knee OA were randomly

2018 EvidenceUpdates

56. Long-term Use of Inhaled Corticosteroids in COPD and the Risk of Fracture (Abstract)

Long-term Use of Inhaled Corticosteroids in COPD and the Risk of Fracture It is uncertain whether long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), widely used to treat COPD, increases the risk of fracture, particularly in women, in view of the postmenopausal risks. We assessed whether long-term ICS use in patients with COPD increases the risk of hip or upper extremity fractures, and examined sex-related differences.The Quebec health-care databases were used to form a cohort of patients

2018 EvidenceUpdates

57. Changes in natural killer cells and exhausted memory regulatory T Cells with corticosteroid therapy in acute autoimmune hepatitis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in natural killer cells and exhausted memory regulatory T Cells with corticosteroid therapy in acute autoimmune hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an immune-mediated liver disease currently treated by immunosuppressive medications with significant side effects. Thus, novel mechanistic treatments are greatly needed. We performed prospective deep immunophenotyping of blood immune cells in patients with acute AIH before and after corticosteroid therapy. Blood samples from 26 patients (...) with acute AIH (United Kingdom-AIH Consortium) were phenotyped by flow cytometry at baseline and 4 months after starting corticosteroids. Pretreatment liver tissues were stained for forkhead box P3-positive (FOXP3POS) regulatory T cells (Tregs), clusters of differentiation (CD)56POS natural killer (NK) cells, and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10. Chemokine secretion by cultured primary hepatocyte and biliary epithelial cells was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Functional coculture assays

2018 Hepatology communications

58. The Effectiveness of Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections in Gluteal Tendinopathy: A Randomized, Double-Blind Controlled Trial Comparing a Single Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection With a Single Corticosteroid Injection (Abstract)

The Effectiveness of Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections in Gluteal Tendinopathy: A Randomized, Double-Blind Controlled Trial Comparing a Single Platelet-Rich Plasma Injection With a Single Corticosteroid Injection Gluteus medius/minimus tendinopathy is a common cause of lateral hip pain or greater trochanteric pain syndrome.There would be no difference in the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) between a single platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection compared with a corticosteroid injection (...) and functional assessment was performed using the mHHS questionnaire at 0, 2, 6, and 12 weeks and the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) at 12 weeks.Participants had a mean age of 60 years, a ratio of female to male of 9:1, and mean duration of symptoms of >14 months. Pain and function measured by the mean mHHS showed no difference at 2 weeks (corticosteroid: 66.95 ± 15.14 vs PRP: 65.23 ± 11.60) or 6 weeks (corticosteroid: 69.51 ± 14.78 vs PRP: 68.79

2018 EvidenceUpdates

59. Antenatal corticosteroid

corticosteroids NFOG Page 36 of 36 Forslag til patientinformation Patientinformation: lungemodnende behandling med binyrebark hormon Hvis du er blevet anbefalet lungemodnende behandling med binyrebark hormon kan du læse denne folder for yderligere information. Børn som bliver født før graviditetsuge 34 har øget risiko for at få vejrtrækningsproblemer når de bliver født og behandling med binyrebarn hormon også kaldet Celeston eller Bethametason hjælper med til at forbedre barnets chancer for undgå denne (...) Antenatal corticosteroid Antenatal corticosteroids NFOG Page 1 of 36 Antenatal corticosteroid DSOG (Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology) Approved on January 2018 by the participants at the yearly obstetric guideline meeting in DSOG Page 1: English summary Page 2-36: The entire guideline in Danish including references BEFORE WEEK 24 0/7 Antenatal corticosteroid* (ACS) may be considered from GA 23 0/7. Consultation with tertiary department is recommended (statement). 1b A WEEK 23 5/7

2018 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology

60. In adults with lateral hip pain post Total Hip Replacement (THR) (anterior lateral approach), is physiotherapy more effective in reducing pain and improving function than corticosteroid injection?

In adults with lateral hip pain post Total Hip Replacement (THR) (anterior lateral approach), is physiotherapy more effective in reducing pain and improving function than corticosteroid injection? Getting Evidence into Clinical Practice: Musculoskeletal Research Facilitation Group (CAT Group) Date: February 2017 CAT Lead: Tandi Coetzee/Treena Larkin Date CAT completed: February 2017 Date CAT to review: February 2019 Email: Treena.Larkin@nhs.net Specific Question: In adults with lateral hip pain (...) post Total Hip Replacement (THR) (anterior lateral approach), is physiotherapy more effective in reducing pain and improving function than corticosteroid injection? Clinical bottom line Search results produced no studies comparing physiotherapy intervention and corticosteroid injection to improve pain or function in adults with lateral hip pain post THR. Current clinical practice should remain unchanged due to the lack of evidence. Why is this important? Lateral hip pain occurs in 4.4 % of post

2018 Public Health England