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Do Corticosteroids Benefit Patients With Influenza Pneumonia? Do Corticosteroids Benefit Patients With Influenza Pneumonia? - Annals of Emergency Medicine Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Share this page To read this article in full, please review your options for gaining access at the bottom of the page. Article in Press Do Corticosteroids Benefit Patients With Influenza Pneumonia? x Michael Gottlieb , MD (EBEM Commentator) , x Thomas Seagraves , MD (EBEM (...) Commentator) , x Stephen R. Gore , MD (EBEM Commentator) Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL DOI: Publication History Published online: July 23, 2019 To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Among patients with influenza pneumonia, corticosteroids are associated with increased mortality, longer length of stay in the ICU, and higher rates of secondary infection, although there are no data from
Comparison Between Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy and Local Corticosteroid Injection for Plantar Fasciitis Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a nonsurgical treatment for plantar fasciitis (PF) that has had satisfactory clinical outcomes. However, local corticosteroid injection (LCI) is often regarded as first-line treatment of PF, but there have been few studies comparing the 2 methods. Therefore, we compared the effect of ESWT and LCI on patients with PF.This was a block randomized
The Effects of Perioperative Corticosteroids on Dysphagia Following Surgical Procedures Involving the Anterior Cervical Spine: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Double-Blinded Clinical Trial Dysphagia is one of the most common complications of surgical procedures in the anterior cervical spine, and can persist up to 2 years postoperatively. Corticosteroids are relatively safe and inexpensive for treating various inflammatory conditions. Perioperative corticosteroid administration (...) for anterior cervical spine procedures may effectively minimize postoperative dysphagia, potentially leading to better outcomes, decreased readmission rates, and improved patient satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of perioperative corticosteroids in decreasing the severity and duration of dysphagia following single-level and multilevel anterior cervical spine procedures.Seventy-four patients undergoing elective anterior cervical surgical procedures for degenerative
Inhaled Corticosteroids for Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Inhaled Corticosteroids for Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Inhaled Corticosteroids for Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Inhaled Corticosteroids for Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: March 12, 2019 Project Number: RC1082-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal (...) Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of inhaled corticosteroids for the management of patients with cystic fibrosis? Key Message Evidence of limited quality from one systematic review reporting study-level findings and one randomized controlled trial suggested that routine use of inhaled corticosteroids in children and adult cystic fibrosis patients is not significantly more effective than placebo or non-steroid medication in improving lung function as indicated by forced
Intranasal Corticosteroids for the Management of Chronic Rhinosinusitis or Nasal Polyposis in Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Intranasal Corticosteroids for the Management of Chronic Rhinosinusitis or Nasal Polyposis in Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Intranasal Corticosteroids for the Management of Chronic Rhinosinusitis or Nasal Polyposis in Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Intranasal (...) Corticosteroids for the Management of Chronic Rhinosinusitis or Nasal Polyposis in Cystic Fibrosis: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: March 18, 2019 Project Number: RC1083-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of intranasal corticosteroids for the management of chronic rhinosinusitis or nasal polyposis in patients with cystic fibrosis? Key Message One systematic review with one included
Are Corticosteroids Beneficial in the Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia? Are Corticosteroids Beneficial in the Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia? - Annals of Emergency Medicine Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Share this page Access provided by Volume 74, Issue 1, Pages e1–e3 Are Corticosteroids Beneficial in the Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia? x Thomas Seagraves , MD (EBEM Commentator) , x Michael Gottlieb , MD (EBEM Commentator (...) ) Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL DOI: | Publication History Published online: June 21, 2018 Expand all Collapse all Article Outline Take-Home Message For adult patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia, corticosteroids reduce morbidity and mortality. For pediatric patients and adults with nonsevere community-acquired pneumonia, corticosteroids appear to reduce morbidity, but not mortality. Methods Data Sources The authors searched the Cochrane Acute
Effect of Corticosteroid-Sparing Treatment With Mycophenolate Mofetil vs Methotrexate on Inflammation in Patients With Uveitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Methotrexate and mycophenolate mofetil are commonly used immunomodulatory therapies for achieving corticosteroid-sparing control of noninfectious uveitis, but there is uncertainty about which drug is more effective.To compare the effect of methotrexate and mycophenolate for achieving corticosteroid-sparing control of noninfectious (...) intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis.The First-line Antimetabolites as Steroid-sparing Treatment (FAST) uveitis trial screened 265 adults with noninfectious uveitis requiring corticosteroid-sparing immunosuppressive therapy from 9 referral eye centers in India, the United States, Australia, Saudi Arabia, and Mexico between August 22, 2013, and August 16, 2017. Follow-up ended on August 20, 2018.Patients were randomized to receive oral methotrexate, 25 mg weekly (n = 107), or oral
Corticosteroid Therapy in Neonates Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Randomized Controlled Trial The efficacy of intraoperative corticosteroids to improve outcomes following congenital cardiac operations remains controversial.The purpose of this study was to determine whether intraoperative methylprednisolone improves post-operative recovery in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery.Neonates undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass at 2 centers were enrolled in a double-blind
Effectiveness of a Bundled Intervention Including Adjunctive Corticosteroids on Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Stepped-Wedge Randomized Clinical Trial Community-acquired pneumonia remains a leading cause of hospitalization, mortality, and health care costs worldwide. Randomized clinical trials support the use of adjunctive corticosteroids, early progressive mobilization, antibiotic switching rules, and dietary interventions in improving outcomes. However (...) including adjunctive corticosteroids demonstrated no evidence of effectiveness and resulted in a higher incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding. Efficacy of individual interventions demonstrated in clinical trials may not necessarily translate into effectiveness when implemented in combination and may even result in net harm.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02835040.
Effectiveness of Foot Orthoses Versus Corticosteroid Injection for Plantar Heel Pain: The SOOTHE Randomized Clinical Trial Plantar heel pain is a common foot complaint that causes significant disability and poorer health-related quality of life. Foot orthoses and corticosteroid injection are effective treatments for plantar heel pain; however, it is unclear whether one is more effective than the other.The aim of this trial was to compare the effectiveness of foot orthoses and corticosteroid (...) injection for plantar heel pain.In this parallel-group, assessor-blinded, randomized clinical trial, participants received prefabricated, arch-contouring foot orthoses or a single ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection. The primary outcome measure was the foot pain subscale of the Foot Health Status Questionnaire at 4 and 12 weeks.One hundred three participants aged 21 to 72 years (63 female) with plantar heel pain were recruited from the community and received an intervention. For the primary
Inhaled corticosteroids for cystic fibrosis. The reduction of lung inflammation is one of the goals of cystic fibrosis therapy. Inhaled corticosteroids are often used in this respect to treat children and adults with cystic fibrosis. The rationale for this is their potential to reduce lung damage arising from inflammation, as well as their effect on symptomatic wheezing. It is important to establish the current level of evidence for the risks and benefits of inhaled corticosteroids, especially (...) in the light of their known adverse effects on growth. This is an update of a previously published review; however, due to the lack of research in this area, we do not envisage undertaking any further updates.To assess the effectiveness of taking regular inhaled corticosteroids compared to not taking them in children and adults with cystic fibrosis.We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group Trials Register, comprising references identified from comprehensive electronic database
Cost-effectiveness of Antenatal Corticosteroid Therapy vs No Therapy in Women at Risk of Late Preterm Delivery: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial Administration of corticosteroids to women at high risk for delivery in the late preterm period (34-36 weeks' gestation) improves short-term neonatal outcomes. The cost implications of this intervention are not known.To compare the cost-effectiveness of treatment with antenatal corticosteroids with no treatment for women at risk (...) for late preterm delivery.This secondary analysis of the Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids trial, a multicenter randomized clinical trial of antenatal corticosteroids vs placebo in women at risk for late preterm delivery conducted from October 30, 2010, to February 27, 2015. took a third-party payer perspective. Maternal costs were based on Medicaid rates and included those of betamethasone, as well as the outpatient visits or inpatient stay required to administer betamethasone. All direct medical costs
Are corticosteroid injections needed after needling and lavage of calcific tendinitis? Randomised, double-blind, non-inferiority trial Steroid injections are common after an ultrasound-guided puncture and lavage (UGPL) of calcific tendonitis of the rotator cuff. However, steroids may prevent calcification resorption and negatively affect tendon healing. Our study was designed to determine whether saline solution was non-inferior to steroids in the prevention of acute pain reactions in the week
Tralokinumab did not demonstrate oral corticosteroid-sparing effects in severe asthma Long-term oral corticosteroid (OCS) use in patients with severe asthma is associated with significant adverse effects.This 40-week, randomised, double-blind trial evaluated the OCS-sparing potential of tralokinumab in patients with severe, uncontrolled asthma requiring maintenance OCS treatment plus inhaled corticosteroids/long-acting β2-agonists. Overall, 140 patients were randomised to tralokinumab 300 mg
Comparison Between Corticosteroid and Lidocaine Injection in the Treatment of Tennis Elbow: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Controlled Trial. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of corticosteroid injection with lidocaine injection in treating tennis elbow.It is a prospective, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Patients with tennis elbow for more than 1 mo were recruited from a hospital-based rehabilitation outpatient clinic. A total of 70 patients were recruited, and 61 (...) patients completed the study. Patients received an injection of either 10 mg (1 ml) of triamcinolone (corticosteroid group, n = 30) or 1 ml of 1% lidocaine (lidocaine group, n = 31). All of the outcome measures were evaluated before the intervention and at 2 wks and 2 mos after treatment.No significant group differences were observed between the corticosteroid and lidocaine groups regarding Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation, Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand, visual analog scale for pain
Comparison of Infection Risk with Corticosteroid or Hyaluronic Acid Injection Prior to Total Knee Arthroplasty Recent studies have shown that intra-articular injections ≤3 months before total knee arthroplasty increase the risk of periprosthetic joint infection. We are aware of no previous study that has differentiated the risk of periprosthetic joint infection on the basis of the type of medication injected. In addition, we are aware of no prior study that has evaluated whether hyaluronic acid (...) injections increase the risk of infection after total knee arthroplasty. In this study, we utilized pharmaceutical data to compare patients who received preoperative corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections and to determine whether a specific injection type increased the risk of periprosthetic joint infection.Patients undergoing unilateral primary total knee arthroplasty were selected from a nationwide private insurer database. Ipsilateral preoperative injections were identified and were grouped
A Randomized Control Trial of Comparing Ultrasound-Guided Ozone (O2-O3) vs Corticosteroid Injection in Patients With Shoulder Impingement. Ozone has been recently used as a safe alternative treatment in musculoskeletal disorders with fewer adverse effects than corticosteroids. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a single injection of ozone with that of a corticosteroid in the treatment of shoulder impingement.Thirty patients with shoulder pain and clinical signs and symptoms (...) of impingement were randomly assigned into two groups: ultrasound-guided injection with ozone or corticosteroid. Patients' symptoms were evaluated by visual analog scale, constant score, shoulder pain and disability scale, shoulder range of motion, and ultrasonographic measures before treatment, 2 wks, and 2 mos after injections.Patients' visual analog scale, shoulder pain and disability scale and constant score improved significantly in both groups (P < 0.001), but the benefits were in favor
Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery Plus Intraoperative Corticosteroid Injection versus Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery Alone: A Double Blinded Clinical Trial. Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome is a prevalent disease with significant morbidity. The current treatments range from oral medication and local corticosteroid injection to surgical carpal tunnel release (CTR). In this study, we tried to assess the results of Carpal Tunnel Release surgery in combination with the anti-inflammatory effect (...) of local corticosteroid injection. Methods: 65 patients were enrolled by clinical and electrodiagnostic tests and randomly divided into two groups, 32 in group one which underwent surgery with Dexamethasone injection and 33 in group 2 which intervened with carpal tunnel release surgery alone. Data on Boston questionnaire of patients were conducted before and two weeks after surgery. Distal motor and sensory latencies of patients were recorded before and two months after surgery. Mean values were