Latest & greatest articles for children

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Top results for children

21. Flu in the children and young people’s secure estate

Flu in the children and young people’s secure estate Seasonal flu in the children and young people’s secure estate - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Register by 26 November to vote in the General Election (...) on 12 December. Guidance Seasonal flu in the children and young people’s secure estate Guidance for healthcare and residential staff to help them respond to individual flu cases and manage outbreaks. Published 23 November 2017 Last updated 14 October 2019 — From: Documents Ref: PHE publications gateway number: GW-803 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need

2020 Public Health England

22. COVID-19: paediatric surveillance

COVID-19: paediatric surveillance COVID-19: paediatric surveillance - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Coronavirus guidance is being updated. Read Stay alert. Control the virus. Save lives. Guidance COVID-19: paediatric surveillance Description and contact details of PHE (...) paediatric surveillance programmes for COVID-19. Published 27 April 2020 From: Paediatric surveillance for . If you would like more information about the surveillance, please contact Dr Shamez Ladhani at . 2. Clinical follow up of laboratory-confirmed cases in neonates up to 28 days of age . Paediatricians across the UK and Ireland will receive weekly emails from the . For more information about the . At the end of the surveillance, cases will be linked to a similar surveillance of . For more information

2020 Public Health England

23. Seizures-Child

for investigation of seizures in children. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1992;18(2):105-116. 31. Lefkopoulos A, Haritanti A, Papadopoulou E, Karanikolas D, Fotiadis N, Dimitriadis AS. Magnetic resonance imaging in 120 patients with intractable partial seizures: a preoperative assessment. Neuroradiology. 2005;47(5):352-361. ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 10 Seizures — Child 32. Wu WC, Huang CC, Chung HW, et al. Hippocampal alterations in children with temporal lobe epilepsy with or without a history of febrile convulsions (...) appropriate *Relative Radiation Level ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 5 Seizures — Child SEIZURES — CHILD Expert Panel on Pediatric Imaging: Christopher E. Dory, MD 1 ; Brian D. Coley, MD 2 ; Boaz Karmazyn, MD 3 ; Martin Charron, MD 4 ; Molly E. Dempsey, MD 5 ; Jonathan R. Dillman, MD 6 ; Matthew Garber, MD 7 ; Laura L. Hayes, MD 8 ; Kathryn Holloway, MD 9 ; Sarah S. Milla, MD 10 ; Molly E. Raske, MD 11 ; Henry E. Rice, MD 12 ; Cynthia K. Rigsby, MD 13 ; Joshua M. Rosenow, MD 14 ; Peter J. Strouse, MD 15

2020 American College of Radiology

24. Lower-Dose Zinc for Childhood Diarrhea - A Randomized, Multicenter Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lower-Dose Zinc for Childhood Diarrhea - A Randomized, Multicenter Trial. The World Health Organization recommends 20 mg of zinc per day for 10 to 14 days for children with acute diarrhea; in previous trials, this dosage decreased diarrhea but increased vomiting.We randomly assigned 4500 children in India and Tanzania who were 6 to 59 months of age and had acute diarrhea to receive 5 mg, 10 mg, or 20 mg of zinc sulfate for 14 days. The three primary outcomes were a diarrhea duration of more (...) than 5 days and the number of stools (assessed in a noninferiority analysis) and the occurrence of vomiting (assessed in a superiority analysis) within 30 minutes after zinc administration.The percentage of children with diarrhea for more than 5 days was 6.5% in the 20-mg group, 7.7% in the 10-mg group, and 7.2% in the 5-mg group. The difference between the 20-mg and 10-mg groups was 1.2 percentage points (upper boundary of the 98.75% confidence interval [CI], 3.3), and that between the 20-mg and 5

2020 NEJM

25. Protein supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants. (Abstract)

Protein supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants. Preterm infants require high protein intake to achieve adequate growth and development. Although breast milk feeding has many benefits for this population, the protein content is highly variable, and inadequate to support rapid infant growth. This is a 2020 update of a Cochrane Review first published in 1999.To determine whether protein-supplemented human milk compared with unsupplemented human milk, fed to preterm (...) infants, improves growth, body composition, cardio-metabolic, and neurodevelopmental outcomes, without significant adverse effects.We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2019, Issue 8) in the Cochrane Library and MEDLINE via PubMed on 23 August 2019. We also searched clinical trials databases and the reference lists of retrieved articles for randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised trials.Published

2020 Cochrane

26. Association of Routine Infant Vaccinations With Antibody Levels Among Preterm Infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Routine Infant Vaccinations With Antibody Levels Among Preterm Infants. The standard schedule of national immunization programs for infants may not be sufficient to protect extremely and very preterm infants.To evaluate the immunogenicity of routine vaccinations administered to preterm infants.A multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study of preterm infants stratified according to gestational age recruited from 8 hospitals across the Netherlands between October 2015 (...) and October 2017, with follow-up until 12 months of age (October 2018). In total, 296 premature infants were enrolled and compared with a control group of 66 healthy term infants from a 2011 study, immunized according to the same schedule with the same vaccines.Three primary doses of the diphtheria-tetanus toxoids-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenza type b-hepatitis B combination vaccine were given at 2, 3, and 4 months after birth followed by a booster at 11 months

2020 JAMA

27. Complicated pneumonia in children. (Abstract)

Complicated pneumonia in children. Complicated community-acquired pneumonia in a previously well child is a severe illness characterised by combinations of local complications (eg, parapneumonic effusion, empyema, necrotising pneumonia, and lung abscess) and systemic complications (eg, bacteraemia, metastatic infection, multiorgan failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and, rarely, death). Complicated community-acquired pneumonia should (...) be suspected in any child with pneumonia not responding to appropriate antibiotic treatment within 48-72 h. Common causative organisms are Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. Patients have initial imaging with chest radiography and ultrasound, which can also be used to assess the lung parenchyma, to identify pleural fluid; CT scanning is not usually indicated. Complicated pneumonia is treated with a prolonged course of intravenous antibiotics, and then oral antibiotics. The initial choice

2020 Lancet

28. Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children. (Abstract)

Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children. In children with urinary tract infection (UTI), only those with pyelonephritis (and not cystitis) are at risk for developing long-term renal sequelae. If non-invasive biomarkers could accurately differentiate children with cystitis from children with pyelonephritis, treatment and follow-up could potentially be individualized. This is an update of a review first published (...) in 2015.The objectives of this review were to 1) determine whether procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) can replace the acute DMSA scan in the diagnostic evaluation of children with UTI; 2) assess the influence of patient and study characteristics on the diagnostic accuracy of these tests, and 3) compare the performance of the three tests to each other.We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, DARE, Web of Science, and BIOSIS Previews through to 17th December 2019

2020 Cochrane

29. Carbohydrate supplementation of human milk to promote growth in preterm infants. (Abstract)

Carbohydrate supplementation of human milk to promote growth in preterm infants. Preterm infants are born with low glycogen stores and require higher glucose intake to match fetal accretion rates. In spite of the myriad benefits of breast milk for preterm infants, it may not adequately meet the needs of these rapidly growing infants. Supplementing human milk with carbohydrates may help. However, there is a paucity of data on assessment of benefits or harms of carbohydrate supplementation (...) of human milk to promote growth in preterm infants. This is a 2020 update of a Cochrane Review first published in 1999.To determine whether human milk supplemented with carbohydrate compared with unsupplemented human milk fed to preterm infants improves growth, body composition, and cardio-metabolic and neurodevelopmental outcomes without significant adverse effects.We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2019, Issue 8

2020 Cochrane

30. Once-daily, subcutaneous vosoritide therapy in children with achondroplasia: a randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial. (Abstract)

Once-daily, subcutaneous vosoritide therapy in children with achondroplasia: a randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial. There are no effective therapies for achondroplasia. An open-label study suggested that vosoritide administration might increase growth velocity in children with achondroplasia. This phase 3 trial was designed to further assess these preliminary findings.This randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial compared once (...) -daily subcutaneous administration of vosoritide with placebo in children with achondroplasia. The trial was done in hospitals at 24 sites in seven countries (Australia, Germany, Japan, Spain, Turkey, the USA, and the UK). Eligible patients had a clinical diagnosis of achondroplasia, were ambulatory, had participated for 6 months in a baseline growth study and were aged 5 to less than 18 years at enrolment. Randomisation was done by means of a voice or web-response system, stratified according to sex

2020 Lancet

31. Ultrasound examination to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infants

of sonographic newborn hip screening on the outcome of early treated decentered hip joints-a single center retrospective comparative cohort study based on Graf's method of hip ultrasonography. Journal of children's orthopaedics 2011;5:415-424. Clarke NMP, Reading IC, Corbin C, Taylor CC, Bochmann T. Twenty years experience of selective secondary ultrasound screening for congenital dislocation of the hip. Archives of disease in childhood 2012;97:423-429. von Kries R, Ihme N, Altenhofen L, Niethard FU, Krauspe (...) Ultrasound examination to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infants Ultrasound examination to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infants We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Ultrasound examination to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infants Share: Reading time approx. 8 minutes

2020 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

32. Hepatitis C in 2020: A North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper

- infected adolescents of child-bearing age. Lack of access to DAAs earlier in childhood, a key barrier to treatment and cure, must be overcome. Given that the overwhelming majority of children are infected with HCV via MTCT, we recommend treatment be con- sidered and offered to all children with chronic HCV as early as 3 years of age with currently approved and anticipated DAA combination therapies. To address the needs of HCV-infected children, pediatric providers will not only require a strong working (...) al. The epidemiology of transfu- sion-associated hepatitis C in a children’s hospital. Transfusion 2007;47:615–20. 9. Benova L, Mohamoud YA, Calvert C, et al. Vertical transmission of hepatitisCvirus:systematicreviewandmeta-analysis.ClinInfectDis 2014;59:765–73. 10. Mok J, Pembrey L, Tovo PA, et al., European Paediatric Hepatitis CVN. When does mother to child transmission of hepatitis C virus occur? Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2005;90:F156–60. 11. Pott HJ, Theodoro M, de Almeida Vespoli J

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

33. Children’s public health 0 to 5 years: national reporting

Children’s public health 0 to 5 years: national reporting Children’s public health 0 to 5 years: national reporting - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance and support Guidance Children’s public health 0 to 5 years: national reporting This guidance provides local

2020 Public Health England

34. Flu vaccines for children

2020 to 2021 flu programme. 8 August 2019 Added revised guide for the 2019 to 2020 flu vaccination season. 22 August 2018 Added child flu vaccines poster for 2018 to 2019 influenza programme. 15 June 2017 Updated childhood flu vaccines graphic for winter 2017 to 2018. 1 September 2016 Updated flu vaccine chart for children in 2016 to 2017. 24 August 2015 Poster for GPs and clinics, showing which flu vaccines children should have. 20 August 2015 First published. Related content Collection Explore (...) Flu vaccines for children Flu vaccines for children - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance and support Guidance Flu vaccines for children A quick reference guide to the childhood flu vaccines for winter 2020 to 2021. Published 20 August 2015 Last updated 10 September

2020 Public Health England

35. COVID-19 surveillance in school KIDs (sKIDs): pre and primary schools

COVID-19 surveillance in school KIDs (sKIDs): pre and primary schools COVID-19 surveillance in school KIDs (sKIDs): pre and primary schools - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance and support Part of Guidance COVID-19 surveillance in school KIDs (sKIDs): pre and primary (...) schools A report on the preliminary results of the COVID-19 testing and antibody prevalence surveillance in schools programme, colloquially known as sKIDs. Published 4 September 2020 From: Documents Ref: GW-1559 . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use. Details Prospective active national surveillance of preschools and primary schools for SARS-CoV-2 infection and transmission in England, June 2020. The report concludes that SARS-CoV-2

2020 Public Health England

36. Vulnerability in childhood: a public health informed approach

at the factors for individual children, their families and the communities in which they live that make it more or less likely that vulnerability and adversity in childhood has a lasting impact on their lives. This holistic, multi-agency approach addresses inequality and the broader causes of vulnerability which might otherwise be overlooked. A has been developed for each upper-tier local authority. The reports summarise data and evidence at local authority level to support decision-making and prioritisation (...) Vulnerability in childhood: a public health informed approach Vulnerability in childhood: a public health informed approach - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance and support Guidance Vulnerability in childhood: a public health informed approach Reports for local

2020 Public Health England

37. Cannabidiol (Epidyolex) in certain severe forms of childhood epilepsy: an option to consider, but liver function must be monitored

with antiepileptic treatment including at least clobazam. How do Prescrire's editors rate this treatment in this situation? Full text (3 pages) available for download by subscribers. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome are severe forms of epilepsy that affect children and infants. Pharmacological treatment is based on combinations of antiepileptic drugs, sometimes including valproic acid and cloba­zam.These combinations frequently fail to fully prevent seizures. An oral solution of cannabidiol (...) Cannabidiol (Epidyolex) in certain severe forms of childhood epilepsy: an option to consider, but liver function must be monitored Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Cannabidiol (Epidyolex°) in certain severe forms of childhood epilepsy: an option to consider, but liver function must be monitored'', 1 September 2020 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Cannabidiol (Epidyolex°) in certain severe forms of childhood epilepsy: an option to consider, but liver function must be monitored Spotlight Every month

2020 Prescrire

38. Evidence summary for spread of COVID-19 by children

) A secondary analysis of data study reported 31 SARS-CoV-2 household transmission clusters, of which 9.7% (3/31) were identified as having a paediatric index case. (19) The original papers for two of these cases could not be retrieved during this current review update, while the third case was of the infant described in the case series by Cai et al.. (1) The authors conducted an analysis of the data assuming that asymptomatic children are being mistakenly overlooked as the index case in familial clusters (...) to transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Key points ? Adults and children of any age can be infected with SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19); however, to date reported cases of COVID-19 in children account for a small percentage of diagnosed cases. The role that children play in the transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is unclear. This evidence summary includes studies on transmission of SARS-CoV-2 by children to others (child or adult) and does not address the risk of infection to children or their disease

2020 Health Information and Quality Authority

39. Active and Passive Distraction Interventions in a Pediatric Emergency Department to Reduce the Pain and Anxiety During Venous Blood Sampling: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Active and Passive Distraction Interventions in a Pediatric Emergency Department to Reduce the Pain and Anxiety During Venous Blood Sampling: A Randomized Clinical Trial Active and Passive Distraction Interventions in a Pediatric Emergency Department to Reduce the Pain and Anxiety During Venous Blood Sampling: A Randomized Clinical Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History (...) Actions . 2020 Jul 22;S0099-1767(20)30153-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jen.2020.05.004. Online ahead of print. Active and Passive Distraction Interventions in a Pediatric Emergency Department to Reduce the Pain and Anxiety During Venous Blood Sampling: A Randomized Clinical Trial , PMID: 32711948 DOI: Item in Clipboard Active and Passive Distraction Interventions in a Pediatric Emergency Department to Reduce the Pain and Anxiety During Venous Blood Sampling: A Randomized Clinical Trial Aylin Arıkan et al. J

2020 EvidenceUpdates

40. Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents With Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)

and the Parent’s Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) 24 are two of the most frequently used measures. 25 Table 2 lists commonly used screening tools for develop- mental delay. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that screening begin in the medical home as part of the standard 9-, 12-, 18-, 24-, and 30-month well-child visits, with sensitive and speci?c standardized developmental screening tools 21 that are able to detect children who display under- developed motor, language, and social skills (...) ://www.pearsonclinical.com/childhood/ products/100000123/bayley-scales-of-infant- and-toddler-development-third-edition- bayley-iii.html StanfordLBinet Intelligence Scale (SB5) 2L85 y Gives an FSIQ. Subtests: verbal reasoning, abstract/visual reasoning, quantitative memory, and short- term memory Available for purchase at: http://www.wpspublish.com/store/p/2951/ stanford-binet-intelligence-scales-?fth- edition-sb-5 Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (WPPSI-R) 2 y 6 mo to 7 y 3 mo Gives an FSIQ

2020 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry