Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

141. Use of ultrasound testing for interproximal caries causes increased false positive results compared with bite wing radiography

% for ultrasound. #2) Matalon/2007 197 Approximal surfaces on 47 adult patients Clinical trial Key results Reported sensitivity and specificity of 82% and 75% for ultrasound versus 75% and 90% for bite wing. #3) Matalon/2003 36 extracted teeth Laboratory blind comparison to gold standard Key results Reported sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 100% for ultrasound. Bite wing sensitivity and specificity was reported as 92% and 90% respectively. Evidence Search (("dental caries"[MeSH Terms] OR ("dental"[All (...) Fields] AND "caries"[All Fields]) OR "dental caries"[All Fields]) AND detection[All Fields]) AND ("ultrasonography"[MeSH Terms] OR "ultrasonography"[All Fields] OR "ultrasonic"[All Fields] OR "ultrasonics"[MeSH Terms] OR "ultrasonics"[All Fields]) Comments on The Evidence Validity: Tagtekin 2008 did not directly compare to bite wing radiography. The extracted teeth were mounted individually which made it unclear as to where the ultrasound probe was placed. Placement of the probe directly

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

142. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) may offer a great non-invasive method for early caries detection.

) Shimada/2013 86 proximal surfaces of 53 patients Case Series Experimental Study Key results Shimada Y et. al., concluded that “SS-OCT appears to be a more reliable and accurate method than bite wing radiographs for the detection and estimation of the depth of proximal lesions in the clinical environment.” #2) Holtzman/2010 40 extracted teeth Lab Study Key results Holtzman JS et. al., concluded that "In this ex vivo study, dentists were able to detect tooth decay beneath four commonly used dental (...) Optical coherence tomography (OCT) may offer a great non-invasive method for early caries detection. UTCAT2536, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) May Offer a Great Non-Invasive Method for Early Caries Detection Clinical Question In a patient with developing decay, would Optical coherence tomography offer an early detection tool compared to traditional methods? Clinical

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

143. In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay.

In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay. UTCAT2529, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In a patient with occlusal caries, a laser fluorescent device can be used as an adjunct to radiographic imaging to detect dentin decay. Clinical Question In a patient with occlusal caries, is a laser fluorescent device (...) as accurate as radiographic imaging at detecting dentin decay? Clinical Bottom Line A laser fluorescent device is able to detect dentin caries better than radiographs because its sensitivity is better than radiographs. Laser fluorescence device is good adjunct to detect occlusal caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Lussi/2001 240 patients; 332 occlusal surfaces evaluated Controlled Clinical

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

144. Logicon Caries DetectorTM (a computer-assisted caries diagnostic tool) may provide improved sensitivity for detection of caries that extends into dentin.

does Logicon Caries DetectorTM (LCD) compare to the current clinical diagnostic test (visual assessment of images) in the diagnosis of interproximal decay? Clinical Bottom Line Logicon Caries DetectorTM, currently available only for use with Carestream (Kodak) imaging system, may improve the sensitivity of detecting interproximal dentin caries versus visual inspection of images alone. Drawbacks include initial software cost and additional dentist time to use the system/analyze images. Best Evidence (...) was an experienced LCD user’s judgment confirmed by either a) cavity preparation of teeth determined to be decayed, or b) monitoring of “healthy” teeth over a three year period. This is reasonable and ethical gold standard for a clinical caries study. The gold standard was applied to all evaluated surfaces and was measured blind to LCD. The dentists using LCD were novices with both digital radiographs and LCD. LCD was used in the reference standard and the radiographs selected for the study did not include any

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

145. Fluoride varnish was effective at reducing caries on high caries risk school children in rural Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS).The main outcome was decayed and filled surfaces (DFS) increment at 12 months.Two hundred and ten (55.4%) children having one or two applications of fluoride varnish or placebo were available for follow-up at 12 months. At the baseline examination, the children in the treatment and control groups presented with on average 6.2 and 5.6 DFS, respectively (P < 0.001). At 12 months, the children in the varnish group showed (...) Fluoride varnish was effective at reducing caries on high caries risk school children in rural Brazil. Placebo controlled randomised controlled trial (RCT).Recruited children were randomly assigned to either a treatment (5% NaF varnish, n = 198) or a control group (placebo, n = 181). Data on oral health habits and socio-demographic characteristics was collected from the children by trained interviewers. Diet information was collected using a seven day food frequency diary. Caries was assessed

2013 Evidence-based dentistry Controlled trial quality: predicted high

146. Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children

, randomized controlled trial, review, systematic reviews, English Comments on The Evidence All evidence seems to be valid since all the study types do a good job of limiting bias and are known for being reliable and valid study types. Applicability This topic is applicable to the use of fluoride in children as a way to prevent caries. Specialty/Discipline (Public Health) (Pediatric Dentistry) (Dental Hygiene) Keywords Public health, prevention, caries, fluoride, fluoride varnish, fluoride frequency (...) Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children UTCAT2507, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Receiving a Fluoride Varnish Semiannually Reduces Caries Incidence in Children Clinical Question In children, does receiving a fluoride varnish twice a year compared to once a year have an effect on carries development? Clinical Bottom Line Semiannual administration of fluoride

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

147. UPDATED: Caris Target Now? molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours

UPDATED: Caris Target Now? molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours UPDATED: Caris Target Now™ molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours UPDATED: Caris Target Now™ molecular profiling service for solid malignant tumours NIHR HSC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NIHR HSC. UPDATED: Caris Target

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

148. Individuals suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to root caries but not coronal caries compared to those without diabetes

Individuals suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to root caries but not coronal caries compared to those without diabetes UTCAT2483, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Individuals Suffering From Diabetes Are More Susceptible to Root Caries But Not Coronal Caries Compared to Those Without Diabetes Clinical Question Are individuals suffering from diabetes more susceptible to dental caries than those (...) (control group). Cross-sectional Key results Type II diabetic subjects had a higher prevalence of root caries (40% vs 18.5% P=0.001) and a higher number of decayed/filled root surfaces (1.2 ± 0.2 versus 0.5 ± 0.1; P #2) Marin/2008 105 diabetic subjects (Type I and Type II diabetes) and 70 non-diabetic subjects (control group). Cross-sectional Key results Both Type I diabetes and Type II diabetes groups showed no significant difference in the presence of caries, filled teeth and DMFT index compared

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

149. Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index

Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index UTCAT2365, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Dental Caries Is Associated With Both High And Low Body Mass Index Clinical Question Are obese individuals more susceptible to dental caries than non-obese individuals? Clinical Bottom Line There is a non-linear association between BMI and dental caries. Individuals with either high or low Body (...) Mass Index (BMI) are susceptible to dental caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Hooley/2012 48 studies from 2004-2011 age 0-18 years Systematic Review Key results 48% of the studies reviewed found no association between BMI and dental caries; 35% showed positive association; and 19% showed inverse association. There is a non-linear relationship between BMI and dental caries

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

150. Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users

that neither snuff use nor daily smoking increase the risk of dental caries. #2) Nagarajappa/2010 Smokeless tobacco users (42) and non-chewers (42) RCT Key results 42 smokeless tobacco chewers and 42 non-chewers (age 20-60 years) were evaluated for the prevalence of periodontal disease and dental caries using the Decayed Missing Filled Surface (DMFS) index, Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and Loss of Attachment (LA) index. 20 different types of oral microorganisms were collected and cultured from (...) Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users UTCAT2369, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Tobacco Users Are Not More Susceptible To Dental Caries Than Non-Users Clinical Question Among healthy individuals, are tobacco users more susceptible to dental caries than non-users? Clinical Bottom Line Two randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) and one study of three cross-sectional studies

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

151. Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates

Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates UTCAT2391, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Increased Risk Of Dental Caries In Children That Consume A Diet High In Fermentable Carbohydrates Clinical Question Does the risk of dental caries increase in children that consume a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates compared to children that do not consume (...) a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates? Clinical Bottom Line Children that eat a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates have a significant increase in their dental caries risk compared to children that do not have a diet high in fermentable carbohydrates. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Huew/2012 Children 12 years of age Survey Key results In this study, the authors examined

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

152. Efficacy of Chlorhexidine Varnish In Treating Root Caries Of Geriatric Patients

of the studies. Applicability These studies show that if a patient is at risk for root caries, chlorhexidine varnish treatment can reduce or cease the progression of root caries. These studies may apply to those patients that are limited in dexterity to mechanically maintain oral hygiene and may need a more chemical assistance for plaque removal in maintaining their oral hygiene. Specialty/Discipline (Public Health) (General Dentistry) (Dental Hygiene) Keywords Geriatric, dentistry, chlorhexidine, aged (...) Efficacy of Chlorhexidine Varnish In Treating Root Caries Of Geriatric Patients UTCAT2411, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Efficacy of Chlorhexidine Varnish In Treating Root Caries of Geriatric Patients Clinical Question Will the application of a chlorhexidine varnish prevent or reduce the progression of root caries in a geriatric population versus a placebo group? Clinical Bottom Line Chlorhexidine

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

153. There Is No Direct Link Between Asthma and Dental Caries but Associated Secondary Factors May Increase Caries Incidence

There Is No Direct Link Between Asthma and Dental Caries but Associated Secondary Factors May Increase Caries Incidence UTCAT2455, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title There Is No Direct Link Between Asthma and Dental Caries but Associated Secondary Factors May Increase Caries Incidence Clinical Question Are adolescents and children with asthma more susceptible to dental caries? Clinical Bottom Line Evidence (...) for a definitive association between asthma and dental caries appears to be inconclusive. However, secondary factors of the disease could put both adolescents and children at greater risk of dental caries. Dentists should individually assess each asthmatic patient to determine increased caries risk. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Alavaikko/2011 11 studies on primary dentition 14 studies

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

154. Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties

Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties UTCAT2456, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Amalgam Versus Resin Composite Restorative Materials to Prevent Secondary Caries Via Antibacterial Properties Clinical Question In a patient with high caries risk, are dental amalgams or resin composites more effective as antibacterial agents (...) of the oral cavity in addition to other factors. As a result the evidence should not be ignored but certainly the idealism that amalgam is not a substitution for good preparation form or technique as it is highly unlikely that the antibacterial properties of amalgam alone are enough to prevent secondary caries from forming. Specialty/Discipline (Endodontics) (General Dentistry) (Periodontics) (Prosthodontics) Keywords Restorative materials, resin composite, dental amalgam, secondary caries, antibacterial

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

155. Salivary Bacteria Levels Of Lactobacillus and Streptococcus Mutans Is Not A Reliable Indicator Of Caries Risk Of An Individual Patient Full Text available with Trip Pro

approaches rather than the use of single parameters may improve caries risk prediction for individuals as well as groups of subjects. #2) Leroy/2012 1057 children Cohort, longitudinal Key results This study concluded that visible plaque, not salivary bacteria levels, as well as previous caries experienced are confirmed as significant risk factors for visible caries in preschool children. Evidence Search Children: ((("Dental Caries"[Mesh]) AND "Saliva"[Mesh]) AND "Streptococcus mutans"[Mesh (...) ]) AND "Lactobacillus"[Mesh] Adults: (("Dental Caries Activity Tests"[Mesh] AND "Adult"[Mesh]) AND "Lactobacillus"[Mesh]) AND "Streptococcus mutans"[Mesh] Comments on The Evidence Both articles are indicating that bacteria count cannot reliably be used to predict the caries activities or caries risk in all group of people. It may predict individuals at low risk or a population/community at high risk. Applicability Salivary bacteria level tests do not pose any relative risk to the patient, but can be used to help

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

156. Professionally-applied and Prescription-strength, Home-use Topical Fluoride Agents for Caries Prevention Clinical Practice Guideline

Incipient Carious Lesions?" Search for research related to topical fluoride resources Fluoride "Fluoride: Nature's Tooth Decay Fighter" "Fluoride Treatments in the Dental Office: Extra Protection for Your Teeth" Search the for products related to topical fluoride, including the ... booklet brochure Evidence Copyright © 2019 American Dental Association. Reproduction or republication strictly prohibited without prior written permission. (...) Fluoride for Caries Prevention Professionally-applied and Prescription-strength, Home-use Topical Fluoride Agents for Caries Prevention Clinical Practice Guideline (2013) A panel of experts convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs presents evidence-based clinical practice guideline and systematic review on professionally-applied and prescription-strength, home-use topical fluoride agents for caries prevention including mouthrinses, varnishes, gels, foams

2013 American Dental Association Guidelines

157. The Relationship between Breastfeeding and Dental Caries in Preschool Children in Saudi Arabia:A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Relationship between Breastfeeding and Dental Caries in Preschool Children in Saudi Arabia:A Systematic Review Journal of King Abdulaziz University | | | The Relationship between Breastfeeding and Dental Caries in Preschool Children in Saudi Arabia:A Systematic Review Sara M. Bagher, Heba J. Sabagh, Ahmed A. Mohammed, Khloud K.Baghlaf Department of Preventive Dental Sciences,Division of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Full Text (...) free children regarding the type of feeding. Breastfeeding frequency, feeding on demand, especially during sleep, and late weaning were found to be significant factor in most of the included studies. There were limited number of studies carried out in Saudi Arabia that correlate the possible relationship between breastfeeding and dental caries in preschool children. Therefore, more rigorous investigation in a larger sample size that represents the population, after standardizing and identifying

2013 Journal of King Abdulaziz University-Medical Sciences

158. Fissure Sealants Arrest Caries Progression in The Primary Dentition With Non-Cavitated Occlusal Caries

year follow up and treated with composite resin restorations. Evidence Search ("Tooth, Deciduous"[Mesh]) AND "Dental Caries"[Mesh]) AND "Pit and Fissure Sealants"[Mesh] Comments on The Evidence Although 88% of the experimental group exhibited total retention, the small group size and 1 year length of the study must be taken into consideration. Total retention of sealants is an integral part of this treatment method and other studies have shown lower incidences of total retention with similar (...) Fissure Sealants Arrest Caries Progression in The Primary Dentition With Non-Cavitated Occlusal Caries UTCAT2451, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Fissure Sealants Arrest Caries Progression in The Primary Dentition With Non-Cavitated Occlusal Caries Clinical Question In a primary tooth with non cavitated dentinal occlusal caries, will applying a fissure sealant arrest caries progression? Clinical Bottom

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

159. Cone Beam Computed Tomography Units Can Be Useful In Detecting Buccal Recurrent Caries

] OR (caries AND recurrent))) OR (("cone-beam computed tomography" OR CBCT) AND ("dental caries" OR "recurrent caries")) Comments on The Evidence Gold standard was investigator’s knowledge of tooth status; lesions had been produced by a bur. Images were interpreted by three calibrated and experienced observers. Specificity, sensitivity, and receiver operating curve (ROC) analyses were used to compare the imaging methods. Teeth with artificial buccal caries were placed in alveolar sockets of dry human (...) Cone Beam Computed Tomography Units Can Be Useful In Detecting Buccal Recurrent Caries UTCAT2426, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Cone Beam Computed Tomography Units Can Be Useful In Detecting Buccal Recurrent Caries Clinical Question In patients with recurrent caries, can a CBCT unit detect decay better than traditional bite wings? Clinical Bottom Line For patients with buccal recurrent caries, CBCT

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

160. Antibacterial Composite Resins Show Potential For Minimizing Secondary Caries

and lower quantity of S. mutans when soaked in human saliva in comparison with the other two composite resins. #2) Pereira-Cenci/2009 128 studies selected for review after database search Systematic Review Key results Of the 128 studies retrieved none met the selection criteria and more high level studies need to be conducted. Evidence Search ("Composite Resins"[Mesh] AND ("Anti-Bacterial Agents"[Mesh] OR "Anti-Bacterial Agents"[Pharmacological Action])) AND "Dental Caries"[Mesh] Comments (...) on The Evidence The Meta-analysis was unable to identify any randomized controlled trials on the effects of antibacterial agents incorporated into composite restorations for the prevention of dental caries. The in situ study was done one year after the systematic review and is highest level of study we could find to date. There is a need for more High level clinical trials to be conducted. Applicability Based on the evidence currently available the use of antibacterial composite resins does not provide

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library