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Latest & greatest articles for caries
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and access to dental care for Indigenous children. This policy statement encourages oral health interventions at early ages in Indigenous children, including referral to dental care for the use of sealants, interim therapeutic restorations, and silver diamine fluoride. Further community-based research on the microbiology, epidemiology, prevention, and management of ECC in Indigenous communities is also needed to reduce the dismally high rate of caries in this population. ABBREVIATIONS: AI/AN, American (...) Indian/Alaska Native; CRA, caries risk assessment; DHAT, dental health aide therapist; DT, dental therapist; ECC, early childhood caries; FN, First Nations; GA, general anesthesia; IHS, Indian Health Services; RCT, randomized controlled trial; SDF, silver diamine fluoride; S-ECC, severe ECC
-analysis excluded two articles due to inadequate follow-up duration, which was not stated as one of their inclusion criteria. One of these excluded articles met the recommended 30-day adaptation time and should not have been excluded based on follow-up duration. Applicability Uncontrolled caries caused by orthodontic brackets could be a reason to halt treatment and get the patient’s decay under control before proceeding. These studies have shown that lingual fixed appliances do not cause any greater (...) There is No Difference in Caries Risk Between Patients with Fixed Lingual Orthodontic Appliances and Those with Fixed Labial Appliances UTCAT3464, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title There is No Difference in Caries Risk Between Patients with Fixed Lingual Orthodontic Appliances and Those with Fixed Labial Appliances Clinical Question In a patient interested in orthodontic care, do lingual fixed orthodontic
education programs aimed at preventive actions are needed to provide children not only with adequate oral health, but better quality of life. Special attention should be given to the entire family, concerning their lifestyle and oral health habits. Keywords Parental attitudes; Mother’s knowledge; Oral health; Dentalcaries; Preschool; Early childhood caries (ECC) Figures Figure 1 Introduction Materials And Methods Results Discussion Conclusion References Table Comments (0) Comments can take the form (...) Effect of mother’s knowledge of oral health in preventing early childhood caries among preschool children: a systematic review Effect of mother’s knowledge of oral health in preventing early childhood caries among preschool children: a systematic review | Research Square Browse Tools & Services Your Cart This is a preprint, a preliminary version of a manuscript that has not completed peer review at a journal. Research Square does not conduct peer review prior to posting preprints. The posting
The pattern and magnitude of Dietary Free Sugar (DFS) consumption and dentalcaries in school children: A systematic review The pattern and magnitude of Dietary Free Sugar (DFS) consumption and dentalcaries in school children: A systematic review | Research Square Browse Tools & Services Your Cart This is a preprint, a preliminary version of a manuscript that has not completed peer review at a journal. Research Square does not conduct peer review prior to posting preprints. The posting (...) of a preprint on this server should not be interpreted as an endorsement of its validity or suitability for dissemination as established information or for guiding clinical practice. Research article The pattern and magnitude of Dietary Free Sugar (DFS) consumption and dentalcaries in school children: A systematic review A Pakdaman, Mahboobi Zeinab, Yazdani Reza, Azadbakht Leila A Pakdaman Tehran University of Medical Sciences Corresponding Author ORCiD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2964-059X Mahboobi
groups, 46 points of data with 10411 aged people ≥ 65 years, were included in the meta-analysis. Mean pooled decayed, missing, and filled teeth among the elderly was 26.84 (26.41-27.28). This index was 26.78 (26.12-27.43) in women and 26.91 (26.32-27.50) in men. Mean number of decayed teeth was 1.48 (1.32-1.65). Mean pooled missing teeth was 24.83 (24.20-25.46), and mean pooled filled teeth was 0.14 (0.12-0.17). The majority (92%) of DMFT was related to missing teeth. Conclusion Dentalcaries has (...) Dentalcaries among the elderly in Iran: a meta-analysis Dentalcaries among the elderly in Iran: a meta-analysis | medRxiv Search for this keyword Dentalcaries among the elderly in Iran: a meta-analysis Shervan Shoaee , Farshad Sharifi , Pooneh Ghavidel Parsa , Ahmad Sofi-Mahmudi doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.24.20161299 Shervan Shoaee 1 Kerman Oral and Dental Diseases Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman, Iran 2 Elderly Health Research Center, Endocrinology
Association of LTF, ENAM, and AMELX polymorphisms with dentalcaries susceptibility: A meta-analysis Association of LTF, ENAM, and AMELX polymorphisms with dentalcaries susceptibility: A meta-analysis | Research Square Browse Tools & Services Your Cart This preprint is under consideration at BMC Oral Health . A preprint is a preliminary version of a manuscript that has not completed peer review at a journal. Research Square does not conduct peer review prior to posting preprints. The posting (...) of a preprint on this server should not be interpreted as an endorsement of its validity or suitability for dissemination as established information or for guiding clinical practice. Research article Association of LTF , ENAM , and AMELX polymorphisms with dentalcaries susceptibility: A meta-analysis Roohollah Sharifi, Sajjad Jahedi, Hamid Reza Mozaffari, Mohammad Moslem Imani, Masuod Sadeghi, Amin Golshah, Hedaiat Moradpoor, Mohsen Safaei Roohollah Sharifi Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences Sajjad
Prevalence of dentalcaries in preschool children born preterm and/or with low birth weight: A systematic review with meta-analysis of prevalence data. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the prevalence of dentalcaries among preschool children who had been born preterm and/or with low birth weight (LBW) compared with those who had been born full term and/or with normal birth weight (NBW). Eight electronic databases were searched from interception up (...) to November 2018 with no restrictions imposed regarding the date of publication or language. Two independent reviewers screened studies, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias. A random-effects meta-analysis was run to pool the crude prevalence of dentalcaries according to gestational age and birth weight. We performed a narrative synthesis and assessed the certainty of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). Fifty-nine observational studies
Home-based toothbrushing interventions for parents of young children to reduce dentalcaries: A systematic review. Dentalcaries is the most prevalent preventable condition in children. A key preventive home-based oral health behaviour is the adoption and maintenance of parental supervised toothbrushing until eight years of age.To examine interventions promoting parental supervised toothbrushing practices to reduce dentalcaries in young children (<8 years old).Interventions promoting parental (...) involvement in home-based toothbrushing in children under eight years old and their impact on caries were subjected to review. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus and the Cochrane Library), references and unpublished literature databases were searched for relevant literature.Of the 10,176 articles retrieved, forty-two articles were included. The Theoretical Domains Framework was used to code intervention content, with the main domains addressed being knowledge
Systematic review suggests important variability in the incidence of caries after radiotherapy. 32331697 2020 04 25 1943-4723 2020 Apr 16 Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) J Am Dent Assoc Systematic review suggests important variability in the incidence of caries after radiotherapy. S0002-8177(20)30028-3 10.1016/j.adaj.2020.01.011 Brignardello-Petersen Romina R eng Journal Article 2020 04 16 England J Am Dent Assoc 7503060 0002-8177 D IM 2020 4 26 6 0 2020 4 26 6 0 2020 4 26 6 0
Reliability of colour and hardness clinical examinations in detecting dentine caries severity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Dentalcaries is the most common human infectious disease and is caused by microorganisms producing acids, resulting in changes in dental tissue hardness and colour. However, the accuracy and reliability of dentine colour and hardness as indicators for carious lesion severity has never been assessed in a systematic review. By applying strict criteria, only seven (...) papers (five randomized control trials and two diagnostic studies) were considered for full text qualitative and quantitative assessment. Only three studies produced high quality evidence and only four articles were considered for meta-analysis, as these provided log10 colony forming units (CFU) data from caries biopsies following colour and hardness clinical examinations. When comparing the amount of CFU isolated from carious biopsies from different colour and hardness categories, hardness clinical
A systematic review of risk assessment tools for early childhood caries: is there evidence? To evaluate the accuracy of commonly advocated caries risk assessment (CRA) tools in preschool children and to search for evidence whether or not this process provides better oral care and less caries in the future.As an update of a previous systematic review, a search of electronic databases for relevant literature published between 2008 and 2018 was performed with aid of predetermined search strings (...) checklists were only validated in one study each and displayed limited to poor accuracy. No study was identified that addressed questions around the long-term benefits of CRA.This systematic review showed a relative paucity of prospective trials validating the existing caries risk assessment tools in preschool children and the question whether or not the CRA process results in better oral care remained unanswered. Although the accuracy was far from excellent, we still recommend the CRA tools
Efficacy of caries and gingivitis prevention strategies among children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Dentalcaries and periodontal diseases are the most common oral diseases among human beings. Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have poor oral health and limited access to dental care. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of strategies in caries and gingivitis prevention among children and adolescents (...) with ID.Four electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Scopus) were searched from their commencement date to 17 April 2017. Randomised or non-randomised controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of interventions in caries and gingivitis prevention were included if the participants were children and adolescents with ID. Gingival index and caries experiences were reported in the format of mean difference and standard error. Meta-analysis was conducted if data could be pooled from two
Topical Fluoride to Prevent Root Caries: Systematic Review with Network Meta-analysis. The aim of this systematic review and network meta-analysis was to summarize the direct and indirect clinical evidence on the effectiveness of professionally applied and self-applied topical fluorides in preventing dental root caries. Controlled clinical trials with any follow-up duration were included. MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library were searched. Two reviewers independently carried (...) to control group, 38% silver diamine fluoride solution, 5% sodium fluoride varnish, and 1.2% acidulated phosphate fluoride reduced root caries increment after 2 y (ranging from 0.59 to 0.85 mean decayed or filled root [DF-root]). Fluoride mouth rinse and fluoride toothpaste, used alone or in combination, reduced root caries increment after 1 y (ranging from 0.29 to 1.90 mean DF-root). Among the professionally applied topical fluorides reviewed, an annually applied 38% silver diamine fluoride (SDF
How to intervene in the caries process: proximal caries in adolescents and adults-a systematic review and meta-analysis. For an ORCA/EFCD consensus, this systematic review assessed the question "How to intervene in the caries process in proximal caries in adolescents and adults".Separating between the management of initial and cavitated proximal caries lesions, Medline via PubMed was searched regarding non-operative/non-invasive, minimally/micro-invasive and restorative treatment. First (...) ) and 3.8% (ceramic). Based on one RCT, class II composite restorations may show a higher risk of failure compared with amalgam.Proximal caries lesions can be managed successfully with non-operative, micro-invasive and restorative treatment according to lesion stage and caries activity.Proximal caries treatment options like non-operative, micro-invasive and restorative care should be considered individually.
Fluorides for preventing early toothdecay (demineralised lesions) during fixed brace treatment. Early dentaldecay or demineralised lesions (DLs, also known as white spot lesions) can appear on teeth during fixed orthodontic (brace) treatment. Fluoride reduces decay in susceptible individuals, including orthodontic patients. This review compared various forms of topical fluoride to prevent the development of DLs during orthodontic treatment. This is the second update of the Cochrane Review
Interventions with pregnant women, new mothers and other primary caregivers for preventing early childhood caries. Dentalcaries is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood and is associated with adverse health and economic consequences for infants and their families. Socioeconomically disadvantaged children have a higher risk of early childhood caries (ECC).To assess the effects of interventions with pregnant women, new mothers or other primary caregivers of infants in the first (...) practice advice versus standard care, we observed a probable 15 per cent reduced risk of caries presence in primary teeth with the intervention (RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.97; 3 trials; 782 participants; moderate-certainty evidence), and there may be a lower mean dmfs (decayed, missing, filled primary surfaces) score (MD -0.29, 95% CI -0.58 to 0; 2 trials; 757 participants; low-certainty evidence); however, we are uncertain regarding the difference between the groups in mean dmft (decayed, missing
Risk Factors for Early Childhood Caries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Case Control and Cohort Studies. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review to assess current evidence for association between various risk factors and the prevalence or incidence of early childhood caries (ECC). Methods: Two reviewers searched various databases until January 2019. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to perform risk of bias assessment. The included studies were (...) categorized according to the World Bank classification. Data were summarized in a meta-analysis using fixed and random effects inverse-generic meta-analyses. Results: A total of 7,034 records involving 89 studies that evaluated 1,352,097 individuals were included; 23 were high, 46 were moderate, and 20 were of low quality. A total of 123 risk factors were found. Meta-analysis revealed that the strongest risk factors found in the high-income countries were presence of dentinal caries (dmft greater than
Stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice in relation to dentalcaries, dental erosion and dentin hypersensitivity: A systematic review. To review the scientific evidence for the efficacy of stabilized stannous fluoride (SnF₂) dentifrice in relation to dentalcaries, dental erosion and dentin hypersensitivity.Medline OVID, Embase.com, and the Cochrane Library were searched until January 2018. Two researchers independently selected studies according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, data were (...) extracted, the risk of bias in eligible studies was assessed and a meta-analysis was performed wherever feasible.Three studies on dentalcaries, eight studies on dental erosion and 11 on dentin hypersensitivity were included. Risk of bias was judged as high for most of the caries and erosion studies and low or medium for the hypersensitivity studies. A similar or slightly higher anti-caries activity compared with non-stannous fluoride dentifrices was observed. Stannous fluoride showed a greater anti