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Latest & greatest articles for breast cancer screening
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on breast cancer screening or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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' objectives The objective of this Assessment is to evaluate the effectiveness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast for screening asymptomatic women thought to be at high risk of breastcancer due to genetic risk. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH BreastNeoplasms /diagnosis; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Mass Screening Language Published English Country of organisation United States Address for correspondence BlueCross BlueShield Association, Technology (...) Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast in screening women considered to be at high genetic risk of breastcancer Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast in screening women considered to be at high genetic risk of breastcancer Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast in screening women considered to be at high genetic risk of breastcancer BlueCross BlueShield Association Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality
News media coverage of screening mammography for women in their 40s and tamoxifen for primary prevention of breastcancer. In the late 1990s, 3 events pertaining to breastcancer prevention received considerable attention in the US news media: a National Institutes of Health (NIH) consensus panel recommended against routine screening mammography for women in their 40s (January 1997), the National Cancer Institute (NCI) subsequently reversed the recommendation (March 1997), and an NCI-sponsored (...) study demonstrated the efficacy of tamoxifen in the primary prevention of breastcancer (April 1998).To examine how the major US news media covered the potential benefits and harms of 2 breastcancer preventive strategies.Content analysis of US news stories reporting on the breastcancer prevention events. We used Lexis-Nexis to search for print news stories in the 10 highest-circulation US newspapers and requested transcripts from 3 major television networks to obtain all relevant news coverage
mammography to a baseline clinical breast examination in women aged 40 to 49 at study entry and found no difference in breastcancer mortality. The role of breast self-examination in reducing breastcancer mortality has been evaluated in 2 randomized controlled trials and 1 non-randomized controlled trial, and none have shown benefit. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH BreastNeoplasms /prevention & Breast Self-Examination; Mammography; Mass Screening; control Language (...) Screening for breastcancerScreening for breastcancerScreening for breastcancer Humphrey L, Chan B K S, Detlefsen S, Helfand M Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Humphrey L, Chan B K S, Detlefsen S, Helfand M. Screening for breastcancer. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Preventive Services
Customer fee and participation in breast-cancerscreening. Until 1997, breastscreening by mammography was free for all women living in Turku, Finland. After this date, women born in certain years had to pay to be screened. We did a retrospective study, using data obtained from Statistics Finland, to ascertain whether or not the introduction of a fee affected attendance. We also assessed the effect of socioeconomic status on attendance. Our findings show that people who had to pay (...) for mammography attended less often than women who were entitled to free screening, irrespective of their socioeconomic status.
Cochrane review on screening for breastcancer with mammography. In 2000, we reported that there is no reliable evidence that screening for breastcancer reduces mortality. As we discuss here, a Cochrane review has now confirmed and strengthened our previous findings. The review also shows that breast-cancer mortality is a misleading outcome measure. Finally, we use data supplemental to those in the Cochrane review to show that screening leads to more aggressive treatment.
Uptake of screening and prevention in women at very high risk of breastcancer. Management of women at high lifetime risk of familial breastcancer is hampered because of limited data concerning the appropriateness of treatment options. Over the past 8 years women at very high (>40%) lifetime risk of breastcancer have had the option of entering two chemoprevention treatment trials, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) breastscreening study, or a risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) study. Only 10 (...) % of eligible women have entered one of the chemotherapy trials with a similar proportion opting for RRM (>50% in mutation carriers) compared with 60% opting for MRI screening. Future chemotherapy trials will have to be designed to address this poor recruitment.
Screening for breastcancer with mammography. Mammographic screening for breastcancer is controversial, as reflected in greatly varying national policies.To assess the effect of screening for breastcancer with mammography on mortality and morbidity.MEDLINE (16 May 2000), The Cochrane BreastCancer Group's trial register (24 Jan 2000) and reference lists. Letters, abstracts and unpublished trials. Authors were contacted.Randomised trials comparing mammographic screening with no mammographic (...) in favour of screening. Flaws are due to differential exclusion of women with breastcancer from analysis and differential misclassification of cause of death.The currently available reliable evidence does not show a survival benefit of mass screening for breastcancer (and the evidence is inconclusive for breastcancer mortality). Women, clinicians and policy makers should consider these findings carefully when they decide whether or not to attend or support screening programs.
Strategies for increasing women participation in community breastcancerscreening. Strategies for reducing breastcancer mortality in western countries have focused on screening, at least for women aged 50 to 69 years. One of the requirements of any community screening program is to achieve a high participation rate, which is related to methods of invitation. Therefore, it was decided to systematically review the scientific evidence on the different strategies aimed at improving women's (...) participation in breastcancerscreening programs and activities.To assess the effectiveness of different strategies for increasing the participation rate of women invited to community (population-based) breastcancerscreening activities or mammography programs.MEDLINE (1966-2000), CENTRAL (2000), and EMBASE (1998-1999) searches for 1966 to 1999 were supplemented by reports and letters to the European ScreeningBreastCancer Programs (Euref Network).Both published and unpublished trials were eligible
, or invasive breastcancer and ductal carcinoma in situ. All the studies related to cancers occurring within one year of screening, except for one study that covered a 2-year period. Participants included in the review The women included in the review were users and non-users of HRT who had received mammographic screening. Non-users of HRT included women who had never used HRT, as well as previous users of HRT. Outcomes assessed in the review Studies reporting the risk of interval breastcancer or risk (...) for confounding factors, investigate the effect of duration, dose and type of HRT, as well as how recently it was used. Methods offering improved detection of breastcancer in women currently using HRT need to be developed. Bibliographic details Banks E. Hormone replacement therapy and the sensitivity and specificity of breastcancerscreening: a review. Journal of Medical Screening 2001; 8(1): 29-35 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Aged; BreastNeoplasms /diagnosis /epidemiology
Preventive health care, 2001 update: screening mammography among women aged 40 - 49 years at average risk of breastcancer Preventive health care, 2001 update: screening mammography among women aged 40 - 49 years at average risk of breastcancer Preventive health care, 2001 update: screening mammography among women aged 40 - 49 years at average risk of breastcancer Ringash J, Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care Authors' objectives To consider the new and updated evidence available (...) , since a review in 1994, about the effect of screening mammography on breastcancer mortality among women aged 40 to 49 years. Searching MEDLINE and Cancerlit were searched from 1966 to June 2000; the search terms were reported. Reference lists were checked for additional studies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), or meta-analyses including all eligible RCTs, were eligible for inclusion in the section on the effectiveness
and environmental stresses to women in the western world. There may also be a different level of acceptance for breast self-examination techniques (and women touching their own bodies) in different cultures. These large studies are not necessarily representative of western women. 3. Breastcancer mortality, rather than disease identification, was the primary outcome in this review. It may be more worthwhile to assess the effectiveness of screening programmes using the identification of disease or tumours (...) of self-examination for breastcancerscreening in women. In practice, the review focused on the effectiveness of self-examination training programmes for preventing death from breastcancer. Searching MEDLINE, PREMEDLINE, CINAHL, HealthSTAR, Current Contents and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1966 to October 2000 for English language publications describing studies in humans. The keywords used were 'breast self-examination,' 'breastdiseases,' 'palpation,' 'clinical trials' and 'mass
Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of double reading of mammograms in breastcancerscreening: findings of a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.
[The effects of extending the use of mammography screening: a report on the cost-effectiveness of breastcancerscreening in 60 to 69 year-old women] Rintasyopaseulonnan laajentamisen vaikutukset - Selvitys mammografiaan perustuvan rintasyopaseulonnan kustannus-vaikuttavuudesta 60-69 -vuotiailla naisilla [The effects of extending the use of mammography screening: a report on the cost-effectiveness of breastcancerscreening in 60 to 69 year-old women] Rintasyopaseulonnan laajentamisen (...) vaikutukset - Selvitys mammografiaan perustuvan rintasyopaseulonnan kustannus-vaikuttavuudesta 60-69 -vuotiailla naisilla [The effects of extending the use of mammography screening: a report on the cost-effectiveness of breastcancerscreening in 60 to 69 year-old women] Saarenmaa I, Salminen T, Varonen H, Fredriksson M, Sintonen H, Makela M Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has
14 years of follow-up from the Edinburgh randomised trial of breast-cancerscreening. The Edinburgh randomised trial of breast-cancerscreening recruited women aged 45-64 years from 1978 to 1981 (cohort 1), and those aged 45-49 years during 1982-85 (cohorts 2 and 3). Results based on 14 years of follow-up and 270,000 woman-years of observation are reported.Breast-cancer mortality rates in the intervention group (28,628 women offered screening) were compared with those in the control group (...) (26,026) with adjustment for socioeconomic status (SES) of general medical practices. Rate ratios were derived by means of logistic regression for the total trial population and for women first offered screening while younger than 50 years. Analyses were by intention to treat.Initial unadjusted results showed a difference of just 13% in breast-cancer mortality rates between the intervention and control groups (156 deaths [5.18 per 10,000] vs 167 [6.04 per 10,000]; rate ratio 0.87 [95% CI 0.70-1.06
, and it is not well described in the majority of studies. Also, the available studies included women differing in age, history of symptoms (symptomatic and asymptomatic) and practice setting (primary care or surgical). Authors' conclusions The indirect evidence supports the effectiveness of CBE in screening for breastcancer. While the screening clinical examination by itself does not rule out disease, the high specificity of certain abnormal findings greatly increases the probability of breastcancer. An overall (...) Does this patient have breastcancer? The screening clinical breast examination: should it be done? How? Does this patient have breastcancer? The screening clinical breast examination: should it be done? How? Does this patient have breastcancer? The screening clinical breast examination: should it be done? How? Barton M B, Harris R, Fletcher S W Authors' objectives To collect evidence on the effectiveness of clinical breast examination (CBE) in screening for breastcancer, and information
, Heinonen O P. The cost-effectiveness of nationwide breastcarcinomascreening in Finland, 1987-1992. Cancer 1999; 86(4): 638-646 PubMedID Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH BreastNeoplasms /economics /radiography; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Female; Finland; Health Care Costs; Humans; Mammography /economics; Mass Screening /economics; Middle Aged; Retrospective Studies; Survival Analysis AccessionNumber 21999001528 Date bibliographic record published 31/07/2000 Date (...) The cost-effectiveness of nationwide breastcarcinomascreening in Finland, 1987-1992 The cost-effectiveness of nationwide breastcarcinomascreening in Finland, 1987-1992 The cost-effectiveness of nationwide breastcarcinomascreening in Finland, 1987-1992 Leivo T, Sintonen H, Tuominen R, Hakama M, Pukkala E, Heinonen O P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods
limitations to their study. Source of funding None stated. Bibliographic details Boer R, de Koning H J, van der Maas P J. A longer breastcarcinomascreening interval for women age older than 65 years? Cancer 1999; 86(8): 1506-1510 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; BreastNeoplasms /diagnosis; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Female; Humans; Mammography /economics /methods; Mass Screening /economics /methods; Middle Aged; Time Factors (...) +)). The sensitivity for these five states was 0.4 for DCIS, 0.65 for T1a, 0.8 for T1b, 0.9 for T1c and 0.95 for T2+ ,(age 50+). Other results of the review were not reported. Measure of benefits used in the economic analysis The measures of benefits used were the number of breastcancer deaths prevented, the number of life years gained, the extra incidence of breastcarcinoma (defined as the cases that would not have been detected without screening because the woman would have died of other causes before
cancer in the no-screening strategy was 2 years. The median survival when contracting an incurable breastcancer was estimated to be 3 years. The annual number of women who die in Norway because of breastcancer was about 800, corresponding to an incidence rate of 38% for this malignancy. The frequency of MRM in the no-screening strategy was about 15.5% versus 7% in the screening strategy. 16% were calculated to undergo adjuvant hormonal therapy (AHT) if screened and 30% if those not screened. About (...) through 10 years follow-up, the corresponding figures when screening was used were raised because of reduced mortality to 86%. Methods used to derive estimates of effectiveness Assumptions about effectiveness were made by the authors. Estimates of effectiveness and key assumptions The frequency of BCS in the treatment of breastcancer in the no-screening strategy (after a 2-year delay in diagnosis) was 25%. The frequency of TI tumours less than 20 mm was assumed to be 70% in the screening scenario
the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Sestamibi scintimammography for screening women with dense breasts for breastcancer. As a nuclear medicine technique, this procedure is based on the enhanced uptake of sestamibi in tumours in the breast and elsewhere. Type of intervention Screening. Economic study (...) breasts for breastcancer. BreastCancer Research and Treatment 1999; 55(3): 243-258 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Breast /anatomy & BreastNeoplasms /economics /metabolism /radionuclide imaging; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Decision Trees; Female; Humans; Mammography /economics /methods; Mass Screening /economics /methods; Middle Aged; Radionuclide Imaging /economics /methods; Radiopharmaceuticals /pharmacokinetics; Risk Factors; Sensitivity and Specificity
The costs of treating breastcancer in the United Kingdom: implications for screening The costs of treating breastcancer in the United Kingdom: implications for screening The costs of treating breastcancer in the United Kingdom: implications for screening Wolstenholme J L, Smith S J, Whynes D K Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Screening for breastcancer. Type of intervention Screening. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The treatment cost analysis was based on the case notes of 137 breastcancer patients. 102 patients had stage 1 cancer, 13 stage 2, 16 stage 3 and 6 had stage 4 cancer. This information was used to determine the screening scenario for the 2,687 new breast