Latest & greatest articles for urinary tract infection

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Top results for urinary tract infection

1. Recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women: AUA/CUA/SUFU

Recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women: AUA/CUA/SUFU Recurrent Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections in Women: AUA/CUA/SUFU Guideline (2019) - American Urological Association advertisement Toggle navigation About Us About the AUA Membership AUA Governance Industry Relations Education AUAUniversity Education Products & Resources Normal Histology and Important Histo-anatomic Structures Urinary Bladder Prostate Kidney Renovascular Diseases Andrenal Gland Testis Paratesticular (...) Practice Resources Coding and Reimbursement Practice Managers' Network (PMN) Patient Safety and Quality of Care Accreditations and Reporting Patient Education Recurrent Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections in Women: AUA/CUA/SUFU Guideline (2019) Published 2019 [pdf] [pdf] Panel Members Jennifer Anger, MD, MPH; Una Lee, MD; A. Lenore Ackerman, MD, PhD; Roger Chou, MD; Bilal Chughtai, MD; J. Quentin Clemens, MD; Duane Hickling, MD, MSCI; Anil Kapoor, MD; Kimberly S. Kenton, MD, MS; Melissa R. Kaufman

2019 Canadian Urological Association

2. Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children. (PubMed)

Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children. Symptoms include fever, lethargy, anorexia, and vomiting. UTI is caused by Escherichia coli in over 80% of cases and treatment is a course of antibiotics. Due to acute illness caused by UTI and the risk of pyelonephritis-induced permanent kidney damage, many children are given long-term (several months to 2 years) antibiotics aimed at preventing recurrence (...) ); detection bias (1); attrition bias (4); reporting bias (6); and other bias (1).Compared to placebo/no treatment, antibiotics lead to a modest decrease in the number of repeat symptomatic UTI in children; however the estimate from combining all studies was not certain and the confidence interval indicates low precision indicating that antibiotics may make little or no difference to risk of repeat infection (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.28 to 1.98). When we combined only the data from studies with concealed

2019 Cochrane

3. Pregnancy and lower urinary tract infection: opt for cefuroxime

Pregnancy and lower urinary tract infection: opt for cefuroxime Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Pregnancy and lower urinary tract infection: opt for cefuroxime'', 1 April 2019 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Pregnancy and lower urinary tract infection: opt for cefuroxime Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Pregnancy and lower urinary tract (...) infection: opt for cefuroxime Requiring just a single dose, fosfomycin trometamol is easier to take than cefuroxime or the combination of amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, but less is known about its short-term effects on the unborn child exposed during the first trimester of pregnancy. It is wiser to choose cefuroxime as first-line treatment. Minor lower urinary tract infections are frequent during pregnancy. They are routinely treated because they are a risk factor for premature birth. The first-choice

2019 Prescrire

4. Antibiotic management of urinary tract infection in elderly patients in primary care and its association with bloodstream infections and all cause mortality: population based cohort study. (PubMed)

Antibiotic management of urinary tract infection in elderly patients in primary care and its association with bloodstream infections and all cause mortality: population based cohort study. To evaluate the association between antibiotic treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI) and severe adverse outcomes in elderly patients in primary care.Retrospective population based cohort study.Clinical Practice Research Datalink (2007-15) primary care records linked to hospital episode statistics (...) and death records in England.157 264 adults aged 65 years or older presenting to a general practitioner with at least one diagnosis of suspected or confirmed lower UTI from November 2007 to May 2015.Bloodstream infection, hospital admission, and all cause mortality within 60 days after the index UTI diagnosis.Among 312 896 UTI episodes (157 264 unique patients), 7.2% (n=22 534) did not have a record of antibiotics being prescribed and 6.2% (n=19 292) showed a delay in antibiotic prescribing. 1539

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2019 BMJ

5. Antimicrobial agents for preventing urinary tract infections in adults undergoing cystoscopy. (PubMed)

Antimicrobial agents for preventing urinary tract infections in adults undergoing cystoscopy. Cystoscopy is commonly performed for diagnostic purposes to inspect the interior lining of the bladder. One disadvantage of cystoscopy is the risk of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) due to pre-existing colonization or by introduction of bacteria at the time of the procedure. However, the incidence of symptomatic UTI following cystoscopy is low. Currently, there is no consensus on whether

2019 Cochrane

6. Once-Daily Plazomicin for Complicated Urinary Tract Infections. (PubMed)

Once-Daily Plazomicin for Complicated Urinary Tract Infections. The increasing multidrug resistance among gram-negative uropathogens necessitates new treatments for serious infections. Plazomicin is an aminoglycoside with bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant (including carbapenem-resistant) Enterobacteriaceae.We randomly assigned 609 patients with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), including acute pyelonephritis, in a 1:1 ratio to receive intravenous plazomicin (15 mg per

2019 NEJM

7. Indwelling catheter can increase postoperative urinary tract infection and may not be required in total joint arthroplasty: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trial

Indwelling catheter can increase postoperative urinary tract infection and may not be required in total joint arthroplasty: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trial The purpose of this study was to investigate whether patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) require catheterization.PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were systematically searched. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) receiving either a urinary (...) catheterization or no urinary catheterization were included. Meta-analysis results were assessed by RevMan 5.3 software.Seven independent RCTs were included, with a total sample size of 1533 patients, including 750 patients in the indwelling catheter group and 783 patients in the none-indwelling catheter group. Our pooled data analysis indicated that patients in the indwelling catheter group had a higher risk of urinary tract infection than patients in the none-indwelling catheter group (RR, 3.21; P = 0.0003

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

8. Urinary tract infections in women

Urinary tract infections in women Urinary tract infections in women - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Urinary tract infections in women Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Can be clinically categorised into uncomplicated/complicated, acute, or recurrent. Escherichia coli is the most common organism in uncomplicated infections. Costovertebral angle tenderness together (...) with fever suggests pyelonephritis. Diagnosed using urine dipstick, microscopic urinalysis (bacteria, white blood cell, red blood cell), and urine culture. Antibiotic selection should be guided by local bacterial susceptibilities and guidelines, or based on known urine culture and sensitivity. Definition A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the kidneys, bladder, or urethra. Infectious cystitis is the most common type of UTI, which is caused by a bacterial infection of the bladder

2019 BMJ Best Practice

9. Nitrofurantoin is as effective as other long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections

Nitrofurantoin is as effective as other long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections Nitrofurantoin is as effective as other long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections Discover Portal Discover Portal Nitrofurantoin is as effective as other long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections Published on 19 December 2016 doi: The antibiotic nitrofurantoin works as well as other long-term antibiotics for preventing (...) recurrent urinary tract infections in women. However gastrointestinal side effects were more common in people on nitrofurantoin. The potential for inducing less antibiotic resistance compared to trimethoprim is a potential advantage of nitrofurantoin but this wasn’t a specified outcome for this review. This review of 12 trials, with 1,063 women, compared nitrofurantoin with other antibiotics such as trimethoprim, or oestrogen cream. It was hoped that this older antibiotic could be a first-line strategy

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

10. Daily low-dose antibiotics halve urinary tract infections in people who self-catheterise

Daily low-dose antibiotics halve urinary tract infections in people who self-catheterise Daily low-dose antibiotics halve urinary tract infections in people who self-catheterise Discover Portal Discover Portal Daily low-dose antibiotics halve urinary tract infections in people who self-catheterise Published on 14 August 2018 doi: People who perform clean intermittent self-catheterisation can reduce symptomatic urinary tract infections from two per year to one by taking daily low-dose (...) antibiotics. This NIHR-funded trial randomised 404 adults in the UK who perform the procedure for a variety of reasons to either daily oral low-dose antibiotics or no prophylaxis. All had a recent history of urinary tract infection. Although prophylactic antibiotics halved infection rates, it increased antimicrobial resistance compared with the control group who took short courses of antibiotics for each infection. This has implications for the individual and wider population. As overall reported health

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

11. A systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy of dipstick urinalysis to detect urinary tract infection in symptomatic adults

A systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy of dipstick urinalysis to detect urinary tract infection in symptomatic adults Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

12. Assessment of urine culture as a trial level surrogate endpoint and patient level predictor of patient-centered outcomes in randomized controlled clinical trials of urinary tract infections

Assessment of urine culture as a trial level surrogate endpoint and patient level predictor of patient-centered outcomes in randomized controlled clinical trials of urinary tract infections Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility

2019 PROSPERO

13. The prevalence of urinary tract infection in children with nephrotic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The prevalence of urinary tract infection in children with nephrotic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

14. The efficacy of Carbapenems versus new antibiotics for treatments of adult patients with complicated urinary tract infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The efficacy of Carbapenems versus new antibiotics for treatments of adult patients with complicated urinary tract infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

15. The effects of acupuncture therapies for recurrent urinary tract infection in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effects of acupuncture therapies for recurrent urinary tract infection in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

16. Prevalence of bladder bowel dysfunction in toilet-trained children with urinary tract infection and or primary vesicoureteral reflux: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Prevalence of bladder bowel dysfunction in toilet-trained children with urinary tract infection and or primary vesicoureteral reflux: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

17. Effect of Increased Daily Water Intake in Premenopausal Women With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of Increased Daily Water Intake in Premenopausal Women With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: A Randomized Clinical Trial Increased hydration is often recommended as a preventive measure for women with recurrent cystitis, but supportive data are sparse.To assess the efficacy of increased daily water intake on the frequency of recurrent cystitis in premenopausal women.Randomized, open-label, controlled, 12-month trial at a clinical research center (years 2013-2016). Among 163 healthy (...) women with recurrent cystitis (≥3 episodes in past year) drinking less than 1.5 L of fluid daily assessed for eligibility, 23 were excluded and 140 assigned to water or control group. Assessments of daily fluid intake, urinary hydration, and cystitis symptoms were performed at baseline, 6- and 12-month visits, and monthly telephone calls.Participants were randomly assigned to drink, in addition to their usual fluid intake, 1.5 L of water daily (water group) or no additional fluids (control group

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

18. Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing

Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing Urinary tr Urinary tract infection (lower): act infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing antimicrobial prescribing NICE guideline Published: 31 October 2018 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng109 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after (...) be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing (NG109) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

19. Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing

Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing Urinary tr Urinary tract infection (recurrent): act infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing antimicrobial prescribing NICE guideline Published: 31 October 2018 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng112 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE (...) in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing (NG112) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

20. Rapid diagnostic assay for detection of cellulose in urine as biomarker for biofilm-related urinary tract infections (PubMed)

Rapid diagnostic assay for detection of cellulose in urine as biomarker for biofilm-related urinary tract infections The ability of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) to adopt a biofilm lifestyle in the urinary tract is suggested as one cause of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). A clinical role of UPEC biofilm is further supported by the presence of bacterial aggregates in urine of UTI patients. Yet, no diagnostics exist to differentiate between the planktonic and biofilm lifestyle (...) forms biofilm in the urinary tract. Clinical implementation of this rapid, non-invasive and user-friendly optotracing diagnostic assay will potentially aid clinicians in the design of effective antibiotic treatment.

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2018 NPJ biofilms and microbiomes