Latest & greatest articles for surgery

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Top results for surgery

1. Robot-assisted thoracic surgery

Robot-assisted thoracic surgery Robot-assisted thoracic surgery - Health Technology Wales > Robot-assisted thoracic surgery Robot-assisted thoracic surgery Topic Status Incomplete Robot-assisted thoracic surgery. Summary Health Technology Wales researchers searched for evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of robot assisted thoracic surgery compared to other types of thoracic surgery. Based on the evidence identified, HTW’s Assessment Group concluded to progress this topic to Evidence

2019 Health Technology Wales

2. Selection pressures of vancomycin powder use in spine surgery: a meta-analysis

Selection pressures of vancomycin powder use in spine surgery: a meta-analysis Surgical site infection (SSI) is a serious and costly complication of spine surgery. Many surgeons apply vancomycin powder to the surgical wound to prevent SSIs. While multiple studies have reported reduced rates of SSI, others have suggested that widespread use of intrawound vancomycin may increase the incidence of vancomycin-resistant, gram-negative, or polymicrobial spinal infections.To systematically review (...) the current literature on vancomycin powder in spine surgery and its impact on SSI culture profiles.Meta-analysis.We included observational studies, retrospective chart reviews, and randomized controlled trials of patients who underwent spine surgeries with and without vancomycin powder application to surgical wounds and reported SSI rates.The primary outcome was postoperative SSIs. Subgroup analyses compared rates of postoperative SSIs.We performed a comprehensive search of numerous electronic databases

2019 EvidenceUpdates

3. Paravertebral Dexmedetomidine in Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgeries for Acute and Chronic Pain Prevention

Paravertebral Dexmedetomidine in Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgeries for Acute and Chronic Pain Prevention Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is considered as one of the minimally invasive surgeries. Early postoperative pain alleviation is very important to avoid complications, at the same time, proper early pain control is an established fact to decrease the incidence of chronic pain.To evaluate the efficacy of thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) by a bupivacaine/ dexmedetomidine mixture (...) on acute and chronic post-thoracoscopic surgery pain in patients undergoing VATS.A randomized prospective double-blinded trial.Assiut University Hospitals, Orman Cardiology Hospital.Sixty adult patients underwent elective VATS surgery under general anesthesia randomly allocated into 2 groups; Group I received thoracic PVB with isobaric bupivacaine 0.5% (0.3 mL/kg) and Group II received PVB with isobaric bupivacaine 0.5% (0.3 mL/kg) and dexmedetomidine (1 mcg/kg). Postoperative pain (at rest, with cough

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Septoplasty with or without concurrent turbinate surgery versus non-surgical management for nasal obstruction in adults with a deviated septum: a pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Septoplasty with or without concurrent turbinate surgery versus non-surgical management for nasal obstruction in adults with a deviated septum: a pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. Septoplasty (surgical correction of the deviated nasal septum) is the most frequently performed ear, nose, and throat operation in adults, but no randomised controlled trials or non-randomised comparative studies on the effectiveness of septoplasty have been published. Consequently, health-care providers, health (...) septoplasty with or without concurrent turbinate surgery or non-surgical management. Patients were stratified by sex, age (<35 years or ≥35 years), and deviation severity (mild, moderate, or severe). The primary outcome was health-related quality of life, measured with the validated Glasgow Health Status Inventory at 12 months. Analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. The trial is registered with the Netherlands Trial Register, number NTR3868.Between Sept 2, 2013, and Dec 12, 2016, we randomly

2019 Lancet

5. Bariatric surgery: an HTA report on the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness

Bariatric surgery: an HTA report on the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness 2019 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 316 BARIATRIC SURGERY: AN HTA REPORT ON THE EFFICACY, SAFETY AND COST-EFFECTIVENESS 2019 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 316 HEALTH TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT BARIATRIC SURGERY: AN HTA REPORT ON THE EFFICACY, SAFETY AND COST-EFFECTIVENESS PETER LOUWAGIE, MATTIAS NEYT, DORIEN DOSSCHE, CÉCILE CAMBERLIN, BELINDA TEN GEUZENDAM, KOEN VAN DEN HEEDE, HANS VAN BRABANDT COLOPHON Title: Bariatric surgery (...) Médical Pédiatrique Clairs Vallons and Dr. Leen Verleye (KCE) for the methodological support. Reported interests: ‘All experts and stakeholders consulted within this report were selected because of their involvement in the topic of Bariatric Surgery. Therefore, by definition, each of them might have a certain degree of conflict of interest to the main topic of this report’ Membership of a stakeholder group on which the results of this report could have an impact: Thierry Lafullarde (President

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

6. Association of Unrecognized Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Postoperative Cardiovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Major Noncardiac Surgery. (PubMed)

Association of Unrecognized Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Postoperative Cardiovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Major Noncardiac Surgery. Unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea increases cardiovascular risks in the general population, but whether obstructive sleep apnea poses a similar risk in the perioperative period remains uncertain.To determine the association between obstructive sleep apnea and 30-day risk of cardiovascular complications after major noncardiac surgery.Prospective cohort (...) study involving adult at-risk patients without prior diagnosis of sleep apnea and undergoing major noncardiac surgery from 8 hospitals in 5 countries between January 2012 and July 2017, with follow-up until August 2017. Postoperative monitoring included nocturnal pulse oximetry and measurement of cardiac troponin concentrations.Obstructive sleep apnea was classified as mild (respiratory event index [REI] 5-14.9 events/h), moderate (REI 15-30), and severe (REI >30), based on preoperative portable

2019 JAMA

7. Robot-assisted surgery in thoracic and visceral indications

Robot-assisted surgery in thoracic and visceral indications Dec2015 © EUnetHTA, 2015. Reproduction is authorised provided EUnetHTA is explicitly acknowledged 1 EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 Version 1.4, 06.05.2019 This report is part of the project/joint action ‘724130/EUnetHTA JA3’ which has received funding from the European Union’s Health Programme (2014-2020) Rapid assessment of other technologies using the HTA Core Model ® for Rapid Relative Effectiveness Assessment ROBOT-ASSISTED SURGERY (...) IN THORACIC AND VISCERAL INDICATIONS Project ID: OTCA14 Robot-assisted surgery for thoracic and visceral surgery Version 1.4, 06.05.2019 EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 2 DOCUMENT HISTORY AND CONTRIBUTORS Version Date Description V1.0 31.01.19 First draft. V1.1 27.02.19 Input from co-author has been processed. V1.2 29.03.19 Input from dedicated reviewers has been processed. V1.3 30.04.19 Input from external experts and manufacturer(s) has been processed. V1.4 06.05.19 Input from medical editing has been

2019 EUnetHTA

8. Custom-made or customisable 3D printed implants and cutting guides versus non-3D printed standard implants and cutting guides for improving outcome in patients undergoing knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery

Custom-made or customisable 3D printed implants and cutting guides versus non-3D printed standard implants and cutting guides for improving outcome in patients undergoing knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery Dec2015 © EUnetHTA, 2015. Reproduction is authorised provided EUnetHTA is explicitly acknowledged 1 EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 Version 1.4, 17 th April 2019 This report is part of the project / joint action ‘724130 / EUnetHTA JA3’ which has received funding from the European Union’s (...) Health Programme (2014-2020) Rapid assessment of other technologies using the HTA Core Model ® for Rapid Relative Effectiveness Assessment Custom-made or customisable 3D printed implants and cutting guides versus non- 3D printed standard implants and cutting guides for improving outcome in patients undergoing knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery PROJECT ID: OTCA11 Custom-made 3D printed implants and cutting guides in knee, maxillofacial, or cranial surgery EUnetHTA Joint Action 3 WP4 2 DOCUMENT

2019 EUnetHTA

9. Ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block for analgesia after thoracic surgery

Ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block for analgesia after thoracic surgery Patients who undergo surgical procedures that impair the integrity of the chest wall frequently experience extremely severe postoperative pain. Opiates and weaker analgesics, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are not sufficiently effective in achieving control of severe pain and might cause respiratory and gastrointestinal complications. In the past decade, there has been an increased (...) interest in the use of regional nerve blocks for post-thoracoscopy and post-thoracotomy analgesia.This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind and single-center study. We recruited 104 patients who underwent elective thoracoscopy. Prior to surgery, the participating patients were randomized into one of two study groups: Group 1- the "standard control group" that received standard postoperative pain control with intravenous opioids, NSAIDs and acetaminophen (paracetamol) and Group 2- the "block group

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Effect of ultra-short-term treatment of patients with iron deficiency or anaemia undergoing cardiac surgery: a prospective randomised trial. (PubMed)

Effect of ultra-short-term treatment of patients with iron deficiency or anaemia undergoing cardiac surgery: a prospective randomised trial. Anaemia and iron deficiency are frequent in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery. This study assessed whether immediate preoperative treatment could result in reduced perioperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusions and improved outcome.In this single-centre, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group controlled study, patients undergoing elective cardiac (...) surgery with anaemia (n=253; haemoglobin concentration (Hb) <120 g/L in women and Hb <130 g/L in men) or isolated iron deficiency (n=252; ferritin <100 mcg/L, no anaemia) were enrolled. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) with the use of a computer-generated range minimisation (allocation probability 0·8) to receive either placebo or combination treatment consisting of a slow infusion of 20 mg/kg ferric carboxymaltose, 40 000 U subcutaneous erythropoietin alpha, 1 mg subcutaneous vitamin B12

2019 Lancet

11. Effectiveness of a national quality improvement programme to improve survival after emergency abdominal surgery (EPOCH): a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of a national quality improvement programme to improve survival after emergency abdominal surgery (EPOCH): a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial. Emergency abdominal surgery is associated with poor patient outcomes. We studied the effectiveness of a national quality improvement (QI) programme to implement a care pathway to improve survival for these patients.We did a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial of patients aged 40 years or older undergoing emergency open major (...) abdominal surgery. Eligible UK National Health Service (NHS) hospitals (those that had an emergency general surgical service, a substantial volume of emergency abdominal surgery cases, and contributed data to the National Emergency Laparotomy Audit) were organised into 15 geographical clusters and commenced the QI programme in a random order, based on a computer-generated random sequence, over an 85-week period with one geographical cluster commencing the intervention every 5 weeks from the second

2019 Lancet

12. Types of materials for frontalis sling surgery for congenital ptosis. (PubMed)

Types of materials for frontalis sling surgery for congenital ptosis. Congenital ptosis is a drooping of one or both eyelids at birth, often due to poor development of the levator palpebrae superioris muscle. This can result in amblyopia, astigmatism, and ocular torticollis and therefore may necessitate surgical intervention in early childhood if visual development is compromised. Patients may have varied levels of levator function. Those with moderate to good function may elect to first (...) attempt ptosis repair with external levator advancement or mullerectomy/Fasanella-Servat procedures. For those with poor function, those procedures are less likely to be effective, so they may undergo frontalis sling surgery, in which the tarsal plate is coupled to the frontalis muscle, so that movement of the brow and forehead result in movement of the eyelid. The optimal material to use in this surgery is unknown.To evaluate the comparative effectiveness and safety of various materials used

2019 Cochrane

13. Antifibrinolytic therapy for preventing oral bleeding in patients with haemophilia or Von Willebrand disease undergoing minor oral surgery or dental extractions. (PubMed)

Antifibrinolytic therapy for preventing oral bleeding in patients with haemophilia or Von Willebrand disease undergoing minor oral surgery or dental extractions. Minor oral surgery or dental extractions (oral or dental procedures) are widely performed and can be complicated by hazardous oral bleeding, especially in people with an inherited bleeding disorder such as haemophilia or Von Willebrand disease (VWD). The amount and severity of singular bleedings depend on disease-related factors (...) . However, a systematic review of trials reporting outcomes after oral surgery or a dental procedure in people with an inherited bleeding disorder, with or without, the use of antifibrinolytic agents has not been performed to date. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review.Primarily, we aim to assess the efficacy of antifibrinolytic agents to prevent bleeding complications in people with haemophilia or VWD undergoing oral or dental procedures.Secondary objectives are to assess

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2019 Cochrane

14. Robot-assisted surgery in gynaecology. (PubMed)

Robot-assisted surgery in gynaecology. This is an updated merged review of two originally separate Cochrane reviews: one on robot-assisted surgery (RAS) for benign gynaecological disease, the other on RAS for gynaecological cancer. RAS is a relatively new innovation in laparoscopic surgery that enables the surgeon to conduct the operation from a computer console, situated away from the surgical table. RAS is already widely used in the United States for hysterectomy and has been shown (...) to be feasible for other gynaecological procedures. However, the clinical effectiveness and safety of RAS compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) have not been clearly established and require independent review.To assess the effectiveness and safety of RAS in the treatment of women with benign and malignant gynaecological disease.For this update, we searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE via Ovid, and EMBASE via Ovid, on 8 January 2018. We searched

2019 Cochrane

15. Transition from acute to chronic pain after surgery. (PubMed)

Transition from acute to chronic pain after surgery. Over the past decade there has been an increasing reliance on strong opioids to treat acute and chronic pain, which has been associated with a rising epidemic of prescription opioid misuse, abuse, and overdose-related deaths. Deaths from prescription opioids have more than quadrupled in the USA since 1999, and this pattern is now occurring globally. Inappropriate opioid prescribing after surgery, particularly after discharge, is a major cause (...) of this problem. Chronic postsurgical pain, occurring in approximately 10% of patients who have surgery, typically begins as acute postoperative pain that is difficult to control, but soon transitions into a persistent pain condition with neuropathic features that are unresponsive to opioids. Research into how and why this transition occurs has led to a stronger appreciation of opioid-induced hyperalgesia, use of more effective and safer opioid-sparing analgesic regimens, and non-pharmacological interventions

2019 Lancet

16. Inappropriate opioid prescription after surgery. (PubMed)

Inappropriate opioid prescription after surgery. Worldwide, the use of prescription opioid analgesics more than doubled between 2001 and 2013, with several countries, including the USA, Canada, and Australia, experiencing epidemics of opioid misuse and abuse over this period. In this context, excessive prescribing of opioids for pain treatment after surgery has been recognised as an important concern for public health and a potential contributor to patterns of opioid misuse and related harm (...) . In the second paper in this Series we review the evolution of prescription opioid use for pain treatment after surgery in the USA, Canada, and other countries. We summarise evidence on the extent of opioid overprescribing after surgery and its potential association with subsequent opioid misuse, diversion, and the development of opioid use disorder. We discuss evidence on patient, physician, and system-level predictors of excessive prescribing after surgery, and summarise recent work on clinical and policy

2019 Lancet

17. Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy

Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy - ACOG Menu ▼ Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy Page Navigation ▼ INTERIM UPDATE Number 775 (Replaces Committee Opinion No. 696, April 2017) Committee on Obstetric Practice American Society of Anesthesiologists This Committee Opinion was developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Committee on Obstetric Practice and the American Society of Anesthesiologists. This document reflects emerging (...) to any liabilities, including direct, special, indirect, or consequential damages, incurred in connection with this publication or reliance on the information presented. INTERIM UPDATE: The content on nonobstetric surgery in this Committee Opinion has been updated as highlighted (or removed as necessary) to reflect a limited, focused change in the language regarding sedative drugs, medically necessary surgery, antenatal corticosteroids, and venous thromboembolism. Nonobstetric Surgery During

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

18. Day-case surgery

Day-case surgery Guidelines Guidelines for day-case surgery 2019 April 2019 Published by the Association of Anaesthetists and the British Association of Day SurgeryGuidelines Guidelinesforday-casesurgery2019 GuidelinesfromtheAssociationofAnaesthetistsandtheBritishAssociationofDay Surgery C.R.Bailey, 1 M.Ahuja, 2 K.Bartholomew, 3 S.Bew, 4 L.Forbes, 5 A.Lipp, 6 J.Montgomery, 7 K.Russon, 8 O.Potparic 9 andM.Stocker 10 1Consultant,DepartmentofAnaesthesia,Guy’sandStThomas’NHSFoundationTrust (...) members of a working party established by the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland and the British Association of Day Surgery (BADS). It has been seen and approvedbytheAssociationofAnaesthetist’sBoardofDirectorsandtheCouncilofBADS.Ithasbeenendorsedbythe Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (APAGBI) and the Royal College of Anaesthetists (RCoA). Twitter:@drcrbailey Re-use of this article is permitted in accordance with the Creative Commons Deed

2019 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

19. Closed Wound Subfascial Suction Drainage in Posterior Fusion Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Randomized Control Study

Closed Wound Subfascial Suction Drainage in Posterior Fusion Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Prospective Randomized Control Study A prospective randomized control study.The aim of this study was to compare the complication rate in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgery with and without drainage.PSF is the mainstay of surgical treatment for AIS. Drains are commonly used despite contradictory findings in the literature for their having any clear

2019 EvidenceUpdates

20. Kendall DL for ECG monitoring in people having cardiac surgery

Kendall DL for ECG monitoring in people having cardiac surgery K Kendall DL for ECG monitoring in people ha endall DL for ECG monitoring in people having ving cardiac surgery cardiac surgery Medtech innovation briefing Published: 18 March 2019 nice.org.uk/guidance/mib177 pathways Summary Summary The technology technology described in this briefing is Kendall DL, a single-patient-use electrocardiogram (ECG) cable and lead wire system. It is used for diagnostic and ongoing patient monitoring (...) . This briefing focuses on its use for people having cardiac surgery. The inno innovativ vative aspects e aspects are the single-use design of the ECG cable and lead wire, which decreases the risk of cross-contamination, and allows patients to use a single set of ECG cables when in acute care. The system also has a button to secure the lead wire to the electrode, to reduce the chance of 'lead-off' false alarms. The intended place in ther place in therap apy y would be for anyone who needs ECG monitoring

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice