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The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on public health or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Meningococcal disease: guidance on publichealth management Guidance for the publichealth management of meningococcal disease in the UK Updated February 2018 Guidance for PublicHealth Management of Meningococcal Disease in the UK: Updated February 2018 2 About PublicHealth England PublicHealth England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships (...) and the delivery of specialist publichealth services. We are an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care, and a distinct delivery organisation with operational autonomy. We provide government, local government, the NHS, Parliament, industry and the public with evidence-based professional, scientific and delivery expertise and support. PublicHealth England, Wellington House, 133-155 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8UG Tel: 020 7654 8000 www.gov.uk/phe Twitter: @PHE_uk Facebook: www.facebook.com
Health Misinformation and the Power of Narrative Messaging in the Public Sphere Health Misinformation and the Power of Narrative Messaging in the Public Sphere | Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique Quick jump to page content Toggle navigation Search Critical commentaries Published May 24, 2019 Main Article Content Timothy Caulfield Health Law Institute, Faculty of Law; School of PublicHealth, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Alessandro R Marcon Health Law (...) and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Joshua Greenberg School of Journalism and Communication, Faculty of Communication and Media Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada Amy Zarzeczny Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina, Regina, Canada Robyn Hyde-Lay Health Law Institute, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada Abstract Numerous social, economic and academic pressures can have a negative impact on representations of biomedical
Mass gatherings medicine: publichealth issues arising from mass gathering religious and sporting events. Mass gathering events are associated with major publichealth challenges. The 2014 Lancet Series on the new discipline of mass gatherings medicine was launched at the World Health Assembly of Ministers of Health in Geneva in May, 2014. The Series covered the planning and surveillance systems used to monitor publichealth risks, publichealth threats, and experiences of health-care providers (...) from mass gathering events in 2012 and 2013. This follow-up Review focuses on the main publichealth issues arising from planned mass gathering events held between 2013 and 2018. We highlight publichealth and research data on transmission of infectious diseases and antibiotic-resistant bacteria, mass casualty incidents, and non-communicable diseases, including thermal disorders. In the events discussed in this Review, the combination of a large influx of people, many from countries with outbreak
Cyanobacteria and Drinking Water: Occurrence, Risks, Management and Knowledge Gaps for PublicHealth CYANOBACTERIA AND DRINKING WATER: OCCURRENCE, RISKS, MANAGEMENT AND KNOWLEDGE GAPS FOR PUBLICHEALTH MARCH 2019 Prepared by: Juliette O’Keeffe National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Photo credit: Ake via rawpixelNational Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health 1 INTRODUCTION With warming temperatures due to climate change and increased nutrient loads to freshwater systems (...) of importance for publichealth (PH) professionals and others involved in water management in responding to current and future risks from cyanobacteria in drinking water. This review will outline: Key factors affecting the proliferation of cyanoblooms • The prevalence of cyanoblooms across Canada • The health effects from exposure to cyanotoxins and risks to drinking water supplies • The effectiveness of drinking water treatment for decreasing risks of exposure • Existing approaches to management
Venezuela's publichealth crisis: a regional emergency. The economic crisis in Venezuela has eroded the country's health-care infrastructure and threatened the publichealth of its people. Shortages in medications, health supplies, interruptions of basic utilities at health-care facilities, and the emigration of health-care workers have led to a progressive decline in the operational capacity of health care. The effect of the crisis on publichealth has been difficult to quantify since (...) the Venezuelan Ministry of Health stopped publishing crucial publichealth statistics in 2016. We prepared a synthesis of health information, beyond what is available from other sources, and scholarly discussion of engagement strategies for the international community. Data were identified through searches in MEDLINE, PubMed, and the grey literature, through references from relevant articles, and governmental and non-governmental reports, and publicly available databases. Articles published in English
More talk than action: gender and ethnic diversity in leading publichealth universities. Improving the career progression of women and ethnic minorities in publichealth universities has been a longstanding challenge, which we believe might be addressed by including staff diversity data in university rankings. We present findings from a mixed methods investigation of gender-related and ethnicity-related differences in career progression at the 15 highest ranked social sciences and public (...) health universities in the world, including an analysis of the intersection between sex and ethnicity. Our study revealed that clear gender and ethnic disparities remain at the most senior academic positions, despite numerous diversity policies and action plans reported. In all universities, representation of women declined between middle and senior academic levels, despite women outnumbering men at the junior level. Ethnic-minority women might have a magnified disadvantage because ethnic-minority
Publichealth interventions may offer society a return on investment of £14 for each £1 spent Publichealth interventions may offer society a return on investment of £14 for each £1 spent Discover Portal Discover Portal Publichealth interventions may offer society a return on investment of £14 for each £1 spent Published on 18 July 2017 doi: Each £1 invested in publichealth interventions could offer an average return on investment to the wider health and social care economy of £14 (...) return, within 18 months. These findings apply to high-income countries. There are some limitations to the data, as a variety of calculation techniques were used and the quality of the included studies varied. However, these are unlikely to alter the direction or approximate size of these effects. The study shows how cost-effective publichealth interventions can be and should inspire future research into how to better implement what is already known. Share your views on the research. Why
Law enforcement and publichealth: recognition and enhancement of joined-up solutions. Public security and law enforcement have a crucial but often largely unacknowledged role in protecting and promoting publichealth. Although the security sector is a key partner in many specific publichealth programmes, its identity as an important part of the publichealth endeavour is rarely recognised. This absence of recognition has resulted in a generally inadequate approach to research (...) and investigation of ways in which law enforcement, especially police at both operational and strategic levels, can be effectively engaged to actively promote and protect publichealth as part of a broader multisectoral publichealth effort. However, the challenge remains to engage police to consider their role as one that serves a publichealth function. The challenge consists of overcoming the continuous and competitive demand for police to do so-called policing, rather than serve a broader publichealth
Mobile self-compassion programme for promotion of public mental health: a randomised controlled trial. 30674702 2019 01 24 1024-2708 25 Suppl 2 2019 Feb Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Hong Kong Med J Mobile self-compassion programme for promotion of public mental health: a randomised controlled trial. 15-17 Mak W Ws WW Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Wong C Cy CC Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Chan A Ty (...) AT Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Lau J Tf JT Jockey Club School of PublicHealth and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. eng Journal Article China Hong Kong Med J 9512509 1024-2708 2019 1 25 6 0 2019 1 25 6 0 2019 1 25 6 0 ppublish 30674702
Publichealth guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings SCIENTIFIC ADVICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Publichealth guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settingsECDC AND EMCDDA SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Publichealth guidance on prevention and control of blood-borne viruses in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settings ii This report (...) also like to acknowledge Viktor Mravcik (Czech Republic), Daniela Rojas Castro and Laurent Michel (France), Margherita Errico (Italy), Patrick Hoffmann (Luxembourg), Erica Cardoso and Rui Morgado (Portugal), Sharon Hutchinson and Eamonn O’Moore (United Kingdom) for their contributions to the case studies presented in this guidance. Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Publichealth guidance on prevention
Publichealth guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Publichealth guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA www.ecdc.europa.euECDC SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Publichealth guidance on screening and vaccination for infectious diseases in newly arrived migrants within the EU/EEA ii This report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC (...) and strongyloidiasis. Charles Hui and Jessica Dunn led the systematic review and provided an initial draft of the chapter on vaccine-preventable diseases. Eric N. Agbata is a doctoral candidate for PhD in Methodology of Biomedical Research and PublicHealth (Department of Paediatrics, Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Preventive Medicine), Universidad Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. His contributions to the section on schistosomiasis and strongyloidiasis guidance will form part of his thesis. ECDC would
Publichealth guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA SCIENTIFIC AD VICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Publichealth guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA An integrated approachECDC SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Publichealth guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA An integrated approach ii This guidance was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), coordinated by Andrew J Amato-Gauci and Lara Tavoschi with the support of Helena (...) de Carvalho Gomes from ECDC and the ECDC Library, and produced by a consortium led by CHIP/Region H, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen (CHIP/Region H) with PublicHealth England (PHE), St Stephen’s AIDS Trust (SSAT) and the European Aids Treatment Group (EATG), framework contract ECDC/2016/035. Authors Ann Sullivan, SSAT, Ayla van Ahee, Pallas Health Research and Consultancy (Pallas (HRC), Caroline Rae, SSAT, Dorthe Raben, CHIP/Region H, Rigshospitalet, Lauren Combs, CHIP/Region H, Lauren
Briefing paper 54: the publichealth implications of rising debt BRIEFING PAPER 54 October 2018 www.gcph.co.uk • Unsecure personal debt, including; credit cards, overdrafts and short-term loans, is at its highest level in the UK since before the 2008 economic recession; with the level projected to rise higher still in the coming years. • The high level of unsecure personal debt is related to the economy, labour market conditions, government policy and the re-emergence of irresponsible lending (...) practice. • Approximately 4.5 million borrowers with personal unsecure debt suffer moderate to severe ‘financial d istress’, experiencing financial difficu lties or other issues such as mental health problems from the strain of repaying their debts • The evidence reviewed makes clear the risks to publichealth; those with this form of debt are significantly more likel y to experience mental d isorders compared with the wider population and there are also proven links to worsened physical health
The evolving publichealth concerns regarding harmful gambling among youths in sub-Saharan Africa Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis
Using QCA to assess causal effects in publichealth evaluation research: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis