Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on physical therapy and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Top results for physical therapy

1. The effectiveness of physical therapy interventions vs conservative treatment in improving function and reducing disability in patients with dizziness: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effectiveness of physical therapy interventions vs conservative treatment in improving function and reducing disability in patients with dizziness: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we

2019 PROSPERO

2. Effectiveness of physical therapy modalities on soluble biomarkers of knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Effectiveness of physical therapy modalities on soluble biomarkers of knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) . Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital

2019 PROSPERO

3. Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy or physical therapy for degenerative meniscal tears: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy or physical therapy for degenerative meniscal tears: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) . Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital

2019 PROSPERO

4. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials investigating the mechanisms and mediators of change in acceptance and commitment therapy for physical and mental health conditions

A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials investigating the mechanisms and mediators of change in acceptance and commitment therapy for physical and mental health conditions Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears (...) research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures

2019 PROSPERO

5. A realist review of self-management support interventions delivered in primary care to support cancer survivors to manage the long-term physical and psychosocial consequences of systemic anticancer therapies

A realist review of self-management support interventions delivered in primary care to support cancer survivors to manage the long-term physical and psychosocial consequences of systemic anticancer therapies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears (...) research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures

2019 PROSPERO

6. Psychological therapies for anxiety and depression in children and adolescents with long-term physical conditions. (PubMed)

Psychological therapies for anxiety and depression in children and adolescents with long-term physical conditions. Long-term physical conditions affect 10% to 12% of children and adolescents worldwide. These individuals are at greater risk of developing psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression, sometimes directly related to their illness or medical care (e.g. health-related anxiety). There is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychological therapies for treating (...) anxiety and depression in this population. Therapies designed for children and adolescents without medical issues may or may not be appropriate for use with those who have long-term physical conditions.This review was undertaken to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of psychological therapies in comparison with controls (treatment-as-usual, waiting list, attention placebo, psychological placebo, or non-psychological treatment) for treating anxiety and depression in children and adolescents

2018 Cochrane

7. Additional Physical Therapy Services Reduce Length of Stay and Improve Health Outcomes in People With Acute and Subacute Conditions: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Additional Physical Therapy Services Reduce Length of Stay and Improve Health Outcomes in People With Acute and Subacute Conditions: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis To update a previous review on whether additional physical therapy services reduce length of stay, improve health outcomes, and are safe and cost-effective for patients with acute or subacute conditions.Electronic database (AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database [PEDro], PubMed) searches were (...) updated from 2010 through June 2017.Randomized controlled trials evaluating additional physical therapy services on patient health outcomes, length of stay, or cost-effectiveness were eligible. Searching identified 1524 potentially relevant articles, of which 11 new articles from 8 new randomized controlled trials with 1563 participants were selected. In total, 24 randomized controlled trials with 3262 participants are included in this review.Data were extracted using the form used in the original

2018 EvidenceUpdates

8. Effect of Early Surgery vs Physical Therapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Early Surgery vs Physical Therapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Despite recent studies suggesting arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) is not more effective than physical therapy (PT), the procedure is still frequently performed in patients with meniscal tears.To assess whether PT is noninferior to APM for improving patient-reported knee function in patients with meniscal tears.Noninferiority, multicenter (...) to APM (n = 159) or a predefined PT protocol (n = 162). The PT protocol consisted of 16 sessions of exercise therapy over 8 weeks focused on coordination and closed kinetic chain strength exercises.The primary outcome was change in patient-reported knee function on the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (range, 0 to 100; from worse to best) from baseline over a 24-month follow-up period. The noninferiority margin was defined as a difference between treatment groups of 8

2018 JAMA

9. Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial Randomized controlled trial.The aim of this study was to compare early physical therapy versus usual care in patients with low back pain.Early physical therapy (PT) has been associated with reduced downstream healthcare utilization in retrospective studies, but not investigated prospectively in the military health system.Military (...) service members seeking care from a general practitioner were recruited. Patients attended a 20-minute self-management class with focus on psychosocial resilience and then randomized to usual care only (UC) versus immediately starting a 3-week physical therapy program (PT). Primary outcome was the Oswestry Disability Index at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included Oswestry scores at 4- and 12-week follow-up, numeric pain rating scale, global rating of change, and healthcare utilization at 1 year

2018 EvidenceUpdates

10. Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes

Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes To explore associations between remission, based on clinical and ultrasound definitions, and future good radiographic and physical outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Newly diagnosed patients with RA followed a treat-to-target strategy incorporating ultrasound information in the Aiming for Remission in rheumatoid (...) were defined: no radiographic progression and good outcome (no radiographic progression+physical function≥general population median), both sustained 12-24 months. We calculated the ORs of these outcomes for the remission definitions.Of 103 patients, 42%-82% reached remission at 6 months, dependent on definition. Seventy-one per cent of patients had no radiographic progression and 37% had good outcome. An association between 6-month remission and no radiographic progression was observed for ACR

2018 EvidenceUpdates

11. Physical therapy

Physical therapy Top results for physical therapy - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

12. Cost-effectiveness of internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy and physical exercise for depression (PubMed)

Cost-effectiveness of internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy and physical exercise for depression Both internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (ICBT) and physical exercise are alternatives to treatment as usual (TAU) in managing mild to moderate depression in primary care.To determine the cost-effectiveness of ICBT and physical exercise compared with TAU in primary care.Economic evaluation of a randomised controlled trial (N = 945) in Sweden. Costs were estimated by a service use (...) questionnaire and used together with the effects on quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). The primary 3-month healthcare provider perspective in primary care was complemented by a 1-year societal perspective.The primary analysis showed that incremental cost per QALY gain was €8817 for ICBT and €14 571 for physical exercise compared with TAU. At the established willingness-to-pay threshold of €21 536 (£20 000) per QALY, the probability of ICBT being cost-effective is 90%, and for physical exercise is 76

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2018 BJPsych open

13. The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients (PubMed)

The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a fall prevention educational session on fall risk knowledge, use of fall prevention interventions and the number of falls in community-dwelling older persons attending physical therapy.This pilot study used a mixed method design consisting of a quantitative pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design followed by a qualitative (...) and subsequent evaluation. An increase in fall risk knowledge (p = 0.031) and implementation of fall prevention techniques was noted. One fall was sustained 60 days after therapy discharge.

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2018 Nursing open

14. Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke (PubMed)

Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke Adequate reporting of ethics-related research methods promotes convergence on best ethics practices. In physical therapy, studies on ethics reporting are limited to few aspects, and none focuses on stroke research. Our objectives were to investigate the reporting of multiple ethics-related features and its variation over time, and the characteristics of the studies associated with ethics (...) reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) of physical therapy interventions after stroke.A random sample of RCTs published in the years 2004, 2009 and 2014, was extracted from the PubMed database, regardless of the publishing journal. For each trial we investigated year of publication, trial registration, sample size, stroke subtype, phase of the disease, setting, interventions and dosing, outcome measures, outcome of the study, PEDro score and 5-year impact factor of the publishing journal

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2018 Archives of physiotherapy

15. Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial

Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physical therapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck.Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial

2018 EvidenceUpdates

16. Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review

Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations.This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing

2018 EvidenceUpdates

17. Preoperative Physical Therapy Education Reduces Time to Meet Functional Milestones After Total Joint Arthroplasty

Preoperative Physical Therapy Education Reduces Time to Meet Functional Milestones After Total Joint Arthroplasty As length of stay decreases for total joint arthroplasty, much of the patient preparation and teaching previously done in the hospital must be performed before surgery. However, the most effective form of preparation is unknown. This randomized trial evaluated the effect of a one-time, one-on-one preoperative physical therapy education session coupled with a web-based microsite (...) (preopPTEd) on patients' readiness to discharge from physical therapy (PT), length of hospital stay, and patient-reported functional outcomes after total joint arthroplasty.Was this one-on-one preoperative PT education session coupled with a web- based microsite associated with (1) earlier achievement of readiness to discharge from PT; (2) a reduced hospital length of stay; and (3) improved WOMAC scores 4 to 6 weeks after surgery?Between February and June 2015, 126 typical arthroplasty patients underwent

2018 EvidenceUpdates

18. Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare formal outpatient physical therapy (PT) and unsupervised home exercises after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA).Fifty-two patients were randomized to 6 weeks of outpatient PT or an unsupervised home exercise program after UKA. The primary outcome was change in range of motion at 6 weeks with secondary outcomes

2018 EvidenceUpdates

19. Cervical Radiculopathy: Effectiveness of Adding Traction to Physical Therapy-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Cervical Radiculopathy: Effectiveness of Adding Traction to Physical Therapy-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Cervical radiculopathy (CR) is a common cervical spine disorder. Cervical traction (CT) is a frequently recommended treatment for patients with CR.The purpose of this study was to conduct a review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of CT combined with other physical therapy procedures versus physical therapy (...) criteria among the included studies.In light of these results, the current literature lends some support to the use of the mechanical and manual traction for CR in addition to other physical therapy procedures for pain reduction, but yielding lesser effects on function/disability.

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

20. The effectiveness of physical therapies for patients with base of thumb osteoarthritis: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

The effectiveness of physical therapies for patients with base of thumb osteoarthritis: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis (known as base of thumb OA) is a common condition causing pain and disability worldwide.The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of multimodal and unimodal physical therapies for base of thumb osteoarthritis (OA) compared with usual care, placebo or sham interventions.Systematic review and meta-analysis.We searched (...) MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, Embase, AMED, PEDro, Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception to May 2017. Randomized controlled trials involving adults comparing physical therapy treatment for base of thumb OA with an inactive control (placebo or sham treatment) and reported pain, strength or functional outcomes were included. Meta-analyses were performed where possible. Methodological risk of bias was assessed with the Cochrane Risk of Bias

2018 Musculoskeletal science & practice