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Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia
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Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:
Local and Regional
Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.
Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.
Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.
Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.
Effects of fascia iliaca compartment block combined with general laryngeal mask airway anesthesia in children undergoing femoral fracture surgery: a randomized trial Postoperative agitation after general anesthesia is a common complication in children; however, pain or uncomfortable feeling is the main reason of emergence agitation. Here, we have investigated the effects of fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) combined with general laryngeal mask airway (LMA) anesthesia in children undergoing (...) femoral surgery.Eighty children undergoing femoral surgery were randomly divided into two groups: FICB + LMA group and control group (n=40). The FICB + LMA group received FICB combined with general LMA anesthesia, and the control group received tracheal intubation general anesthesia alone. Anesthesia was maintained with nitrous oxide and sevoflurane. Hemodynamic parameters were monitored, and pain was assessed by verbal numeric score within 24 hours postoperatively. Time to extubation, time
Regional Analgesia Added to General Anesthesia Compared With General Anesthesia Plus Systemic Analgesia for Cardiac Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials The aim of this systematic review was to compare the effects of regional analgesic (RA) techniques with systemic analgesia on postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting, resources utilization, reoperation, death, and complications of the analgesic techniques in children undergoing cardiac
Liposomal Bupivacaine Versus Standard Periarticular Injection in Total Knee Arthroplasty With Regional Anesthesia: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel) is a long-acting local anesthetic preparation with demonstrated efficacy over placebo in reducing postoperative pain and opioid requirement. Limited comparative efficacy and cost-effectiveness data exist for its use in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) when used in a multimodal, opioid-sparing analgesic (...) and anesthetic approach. We hypothesized that liposomal bupivacaine offers no clinical advantage over our standard of care but carries significant economic impact.This is a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial comparing liposomal bupivacaine periarticular injection (PAI) to our current approach including conventional bupivacaine PAI, in the setting of regional anesthesia. All adult unilateral TKA patients of the collaborating surgeon were eligible to participate in the study. Patients
Peripartum Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother T BREASTFEEDING MEDICINE Volume 13, Number 3, 2018 ª Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. DOI: 10.1089/bfm.2018.29087.ejm ABM Clinical Protocol #28, Peripartum Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother Erin Martin, 1 Barbara Vickers, 2 Ruth Landau, 3 Sarah Reece-Stremtan, 4 and the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine A central goal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols, free from commercial (...) and postpartum may improve outcomes by relieving suffering during labor; however, some of these methods may affect the course of labor and the neurobehavioral state of the neonate. Few studies directly address the impact of various ap- proaches to peripartum anesthesia and analgesia on breast- feeding outcomes. While a Cochrane review evaluated 38 studies published before 2011 on epidural analgesia com- pared with other pain management options, it is notable that only one assessed breastfeeding outcomes. 7
Duration of general anesthesia and the risk of delirium and POCD ( postoperative cognitive dysfunction): a dose-response meta-analyse Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record
Is percutaneous mitral valve repair performed under deep sedation feasible and safe compared to general anesthesia in patients undergoing percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve reconstruction? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears
Is epidural anesthesia superior to local anesthesia for percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy? A meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated
Ultrasound-guided neuroaxial anesthesia in elderly Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith
Comparison of the airway complications of subtypes of laryngeal mask airway and i-gel in child patients under general anesthesia: a protocol for network meta-analysis of randomized control trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears
Effect of Intravenous Dexmedetomidine During General Anesthesia on Acute Postoperative Pain in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Dexmedetomidine has been shown to have an analgesic effect. However, no consensus was reached in previous studies.Electronic databases such as PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. The relative risk and weighted mean difference (WMD) were used to analyze the outcomes (...) ; 95% CI, -5.20 to -1.03), reduced the risk of rescue analgesics (relative risk=0.49; 95% CI, 0.33-0.71), and the interval to first rescue analgesia was prolonged (WMD=34.93; 95% CI, 20.27-49.59).Intravenous DEX effectively relieved the pain intensity, extended the pain-free period, and decreased the consumption of opioids during postoperative recovery of adults in general anesthesia.
Norepinephrine Infusion for Preventing Postspinal Anesthesia Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Dose-finding Trial WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Norepinephrine has been recently introduced for prophylaxis against postspinal hypotension during cesarean delivery; however, no data are available regarding its optimum dose. The objective of this study is to compare three infusion rates of norepinephrine for prophylaxis against postspinal hypotension during
Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of Anesthesia: The IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial The use of cricoid pressure (Sellick maneuver) during rapid sequence induction (RSI) of anesthesia remains controversial in the absence of a large randomized trial.To test the hypothesis that the incidence of pulmonary aspiration is not increased when cricoid pressure is not performed.Randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial conducted in 10 academic (...) centers. Patients undergoing anesthesia with RSI were enrolled from February 2014 until February 2017 and followed up for 28 days or until hospital discharge (last follow-up, February 8, 2017).Patients were assigned to a cricoid pressure (Sellick group) or a sham procedure group.Primary end point was the incidence of pulmonary aspiration (at the glottis level during laryngoscopy or by tracheal aspiration after intubation). It was hypothesized that the sham procedure would not be inferior
Policy for Selecting Anesthesia Providers for the Delivery of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY ORAL HEALTH POLICIES 139 Purpose The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ( AAPD) recognizes that it is the exclusive responsibility of dental prac- titioners, when employing anesthesia providers to administer office-based deep sedation/general anesthesia, to verify and carefully review the credentials and experience of those providers. 1 (...) An understanding of the educational and training requirements of the various anesthesia professions and candid discussions with potential anesthesia providers can assist in the vetting and selection of highly skilled licensed providers in order to help minimize risk to patients. Methods This policy is based on a review of current dental and medical literature pertaining to the education and training accredita- tion requirements of potential anesthesia providers. Background Historically, care necessitating deep
Effects of Combined Lower Thoracic Epidural/General Anesthesia on Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Elective Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial Randomized controlled trial.Our objective was to compare postoperative pain relief and operating field condition of single-shot, low-thoracic epidural anesthesia combined with general anesthesia versus general anesthesia alone.Prior studies have suggested that continuous epidural analgesia provides better postoperative pain relief (...) and less intraoperative blood loss, but with the risk of the epidural catheter contaminating the surgical field.A total of 22 patients scheduled for elective lumbar spine surgery were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups. Group B (block) received a single-shot epidural block with 0.25% bupivacaine plus 4 mg of morphine with a total volume of 10 mL before receiving general anesthesia with desflurane, and cisatracurium. Group G (general) received general anesthesia alone with desflurane
The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection UTCAT3326, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection Clinical Question (...) not report the results in a clear, transparent way. The SEM scores for the two groups were not reported. Applicability PDL injection is effective for treating one or more teeth in the mandibular arch of a pediatric patient. Current evidence supports PDL as a strong choice when providing restorative and endodontic dental treatment because it provides profound anesthesia and offers quicker post-operative recovery. Administering local anesthesia is an important part of behavioral management in pediatric
Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia Although systemic lidocaine and magnesium have been widely studied as perioperative analgesic adjuvants, they have been rarely evaluated with respect to recovery quality under the same conditions. We compared the quality of recovery 40 (QoR-40) scores of female patients who received intravenous lidocaine, magnesium, and saline during thyroidectomy (...) intravenously during anesthesia led to better quality of postoperative recovery measured by QoR-40 compared with the group C. Magnesium was found to be insufficient to induce any significant improvement with the dose used in the present study.
Evidence Basis for Regional Anesthesia in Ambulatory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Part I-Femoral Nerve Block The optimal management of pain after ambulatory anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is unclear. Femoral nerve block (FNB) is purported to enhance postoperative analgesia, but its effectiveness in the setting of modern multimodal analgesia is unclear. This systematic review examines the effect of adding FNB to multimodal analgesia on analgesic outcomes after
Comparison of Intraoperative Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol on Acute Postoperative Pain in Total Knee Arthroplasty Under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Trial In patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia, we compared the postoperative analgesic effect of intraoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine versus propofol. We hypothesized that sedation with dexmedetomidine would result in lower postoperative opioid analgesic consumption than with propofol.Forty
Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks Neuraxial anesthesia is often viewed as superior to general anesthesia but may delay discharge. Comparisons do not typically use multimodal analgesics and nerve blockade. Combining nerve blockade with general anesthesia may reduce pain, opioid consumption, and nausea. We hypothesized that general anesthesia (...) (with nerve blocks) would lead to earlier readiness for discharge, compared to spinal anesthesia (with nerve blocks).All patients underwent ambulatory foot and ankle surgery, with a predicted case duration of 1-3 hours. All patients received popliteal and adductor canal nerve blocks using bupivacaine and dexamethasone. No intraoperative opioids were administered. All patients received ondansetron, dexamethasone, ketamine, and ketorolac. Patients, data collectors, and the data analyst were not informed